Cause Connectors

Cause Connectors :  Because, Because of; So/Such

Online Exercises
Cause Connectors Online Exercise-1
Because Because of – Online Exercise
Because Because of – Online Exercise-1
Put in “so” or “such” – Online Exercise-1

The Importance of Cause Connectors in Clear and Coherent Writing

Effective writing requires the proper use of grammar and language tools to convey ideas clearly and coherently. One essential aspect of grammar is the use of cause connectors, which establish a cause-and-effect relationship between different parts of a sentence or between separate sentences. This essay will explore the significance of cause connectors in achieving clarity and coherence in writing.

Cause Connectors: First and foremost, cause connectors enable writers to express the reason behind a particular outcome or action. Words and phrases like “because,” “since,” and “due to” help establish a cause-effect relationship by indicating the reason that led to a specific result. By employing cause connectors, writers can provide logical explanations and enhance the reader’s understanding of the subject matter.

Additionally, cause connectors contribute to the development of well-structured arguments. When making a persuasive or analytical point, writers often need to present evidence and support their claims. Cause connectors help connect the cause of a certain phenomenon or event with its effects, providing a logical flow to the argument. This cohesive structure makes the writing more persuasive and convincing.

Furthermore, cause connectors aid in the organization and coherence of ideas. They allow writers to link related thoughts and concepts, ensuring a smooth and logical progression of information. By using cause connectors, writers can effectively connect different paragraphs or sentences, guiding readers through the thought process and preventing disjointed or fragmented writing.

Effects: The effects of using cause connectors in writing are significant. Firstly, writing that incorporates cause connectors becomes more precise and informative. Readers gain a clearer understanding of the relationships between ideas, as cause connectors provide explicit connections between causes and effects, making the writing more informative and engaging.

Moreover, the use of cause connectors enhances the readability and flow of the text. By establishing a cause-and-effect relationship, writers create a cohesive and coherent structure, allowing readers to follow the writer’s train of thought effortlessly. This improves comprehension and engagement, making the writing more enjoyable and effective in conveying the intended message.

Additionally, cause connectors contribute to the overall professionalism and sophistication of the writing. Writers who effectively employ cause connectors demonstrate a higher level of language proficiency and a deeper understanding of grammatical nuances. This attention to detail and precision in writing enhances the writer’s credibility and the overall impact of their work.

Conclusion: In conclusion, cause connectors play a vital role in achieving clarity and coherence in writing. They provide logical explanations, contribute to well-structured arguments, and enhance the organization and flow of ideas. By effectively using cause connectors, writers can create more informative, persuasive, and engaging texts that effectively convey their intended message.

  1. Because:

  • I couldn’t find my keys, I was late for work.
  • She decided to take a vacation because she needed a break from her hectic schedule.
  1. Since:

  • Since it was raining, we decided to stay indoors and watch a movie.
  • Sarah has been studying hard since she wants to get a high score on the exam.
  1. As a result of:

  • The company implemented cost-cutting measures, and as a result, they were able to increase their profit margins.
  • John didn’t prepare for the presentation, and as a result of his lack of preparation, he struggled during the meeting.
  1. Due to:

  • The flight was canceled due to bad weather conditions.
  • The event was postponed due to unforeseen circumstances.
  1. Owing to:

  • Owing to his dedication and hard work, he was promoted to a higher position.
  • The concert was canceled owing to the lead singer’s illness.
  1. Thanks to:

  • Thanks to her support, I was able to overcome my fears and achieve my goals.
  • Thanks to the efficient public transportation system, commuting in the city is convenient.
  1. Therefore:

  • She studied diligently, and therefore, she performed well on the exam.
  • The weather forecast predicted heavy rain, and therefore, the outdoor event was canceled.
  1. Consequently:

  • The company faced financial difficulties, and consequently, had to lay off some employees.
  • He neglected his responsibilities, and consequently, faced the consequences of his actions.
  1. For this reason:

  • She had prior commitments, and for this reason, she couldn’t attend the party.
  • The restaurant received negative reviews, and for this reason, its customer base declined.
  1. Thus:

  • She didn’t study for the test, and thus, she didn’t perform well.
  • The car ran out of fuel, and thus, we had to walk to the nearest gas station.



Because Result in Because of this Leads to
Causes Owing to As a consequence of Hence
Thus Stems from Is due to Us caused by
For So Consequently Therefore
Contributes of Brings about On account of For this reason
Comes from Is the result of Due to As
Since Accordingly That is why In order to
In order that Thereby Similarly Seeing that
Due to the fact that

Supply either because or because of as appropriate.

1. We arrived late ………. the bad traffic.
2. He could not play in the game ………. his foot injury.
3. She did not buy it ………. the price was too high.
4. ………. it is a national holiday, there will be no class tomorrow.
5. We could not sleep last night ………. the noise next door.
6. ………. the storm warnings, we did not go out last night.
7. They went to the beach ………. it is cooler there.
8. She had to study ………. her exam next week.
9. Classes will be canceled tomorrow ………. a national holiday.
10. She was absent ………. her cold was worse.
11. John’s family is very happy ………. his being awarded a scholarship.
12. She didn’t buy it ………. the price.
13. It was difficult to see the road clearly ………. it was raining.
14. ………. cheese is essentially a concentrated form of milk, it contains the same nutrients as milk.


1. because of 5. because of 9. because of 13.because
2. because of 6. Because of 10.because 14.Because
3. because 7. because 11.because of
4. Because 8. because of 12.because of

Cause Connectors

Supply either because or because of as appropriate.

1. We were late to the meeting ………. the traffic was heavy.
2. ………. my parents’ generosity, all of the children in our family have received the best of everything.
3. Bill has to do all of the cooking and cleaning ………. his wife’s illness.
4. ………. Dr. Robinson’s excellent research on wolves, we know much more today about the endangered species than we did even five years ago.
5. I couldn’t get to sleep last night ………. it was noisy in the next apartment.
6. I regret to say that I cannot be present at our daughter’s wedding ………. circumstances are beyond my control.
7. Jerry’s in good shape physically ………. he gets a lot of exercises.
8. The letter was returned to the sender ………. it didn’t have enough postage.
9. Our flight from Amsterdam to London was delayed ………. the heavy fog.
10. ………. the severe snow storm and the road blocks, the air force dropped food and medical supplies close to the city.
11. He has received several scholarships ………. his academic and artistic ability.
12.The professor was considering postponing the examination until the following week ………. the student’s confusion.
13. ………. the residents had worked so diligently to renovate the old building, the manager had a party.
14. George did not do well in the class ………. he failed to study properly.
15. ………. its durability and economy, the best car is a Mercedes Benz.


1. because 5. because 9. because of 13.Because
2. Because of 6. because 10.Because of 14.because
3. because of 7. because 11.because of 15.Because of
4. Because of 8. because 12.because of

Cause Connectors

Combine the following sentences by using so … that or such … that.
Examples: This tea is good, I think I’ll have another cup. — This tea is so good that I think I’ll have another cup.
This is good tea. I think I’ll have another cup. — This is such good tea that I think I’ll have another cup.

1. The car was expensive. We couldn’t afford to buy it.
2. It was an expensive car. We couldn’t afford to buy it.
3. I had to wear my wool coat. It was a cold day.
4. The weather was hot. You could fry an egg on the sidewalk.
5. I don’t like going to class. We’re having beautiful weather.
6. Grandpa held me tightly when he hugged me. I couldn’t breathe for a moment.
7. I couldn’t understand her. She talked too fast.
8. The audience booed the actors. It was a bad performance.
9. I’ve met too many people in the last few days. I can’t possibly remember all of their names.
10. It took us only ten minutes to get there. There was little traffic.
11. There were few people at the meeting. It was cancelled.
12. The newspaper basket overflowed. Sally used too much paper when she was writing her report.


1. The car was so expensive that…. 7. She talked so fast that….
2. It was such an expensive car that…. 8. It was such a bad performance that….
3. It was such a cold day that…. 9. I’ve met so many people ….
4. The weather was so hot that…. 10. There’re was so little traffic ….
5. We’re having such beautiful weather that…. 11 .There were so few people ….
6. Grandpa held me so tightly …. 12. Sally used so much paper ….

Cause Connectors

Put in “so” or “such”.

1. Come on! Don’t walk ………. slowly.
2. I’ve never read ………. a stupid book.
3. I was surprised that he looked ………. well after his recent illness.
4. They’ve got ………. a lot of money, they don’t know what to do with it.
5. She is a very attractive girl. She’s got ………. beautiful eyes.
6. Everything is ………. expensive these days, isn’t it?
7. Why do you ask them ………. stupid questions?
8. It was ………. a boring film that I fell asleep in the middle of it.
9. The wind was ………. strong, it was difficult to work.
10.The food at the hotel was very bad. I’ve never eaten ………. awful food.
11. It was ………. a good book that I couldn’t put it down.
12.There were ………. many people in the room that we couldn’t move.
13. It was ………. warm weather that I didn’t need a coat.


1. so 2. such 3. so 4. such 5. such 6. so 7. such
8. such 9. so 10. such 11. such 12. so 13. such

Cause Connectors

Use such instead of so.
Example: The book was so good that I couldn’t put it down. — It was such a good book that I couldn’t put it down.

1. The road is so narrow that it is difficult for two cars to pass each other. – It is ………..
2. The weather was so warm that I didn’t need a coat. – It………..
3. His feet are so big that he has difficulty finding shoes to fit him. – He has got ………. .
4. There were so many people in the room that we couldn’t move. – There were ………..


1. … such a narrow road … 3. … such big feet…
2. … was such warm weather … 4. … such a lot of people …

Put in so, such or such a.

1. He’s difficult to understand because he speaks ………. quickly.
2. I like Tom and Ann. They’re ………. nice people.
3. It was a great holiday. We had ………. good time.
4. The weather is lovely, isn’t it? I didn’t expect it to be ………. nice day.
5. I have to go. I didn’t realize it was ………. late.
6. He always looks good. He wears ………. nice clothes.
7. I couldn’t believe the news. It was ………. shock.
8. I think she works too hard. She looks ………. tired all the time.
9. I didn’t realize you lived ………. long way from the downtown.
10. I can’t decide what to do. It’s ………. problem.
11.Today was ………. beautiful day that I couldn’t bring myself to complete all my chores.
12.The chemistry instructor explained the experiment in ………. way that it was easily understood.


1. so 4. such a 7. such a 10. such a
2. such 5. so 8. so 11. such a
3. such a 6. such 9. such a 12. such a

Cause Connectors

Correct mistakes in the following sentences.

1. He is so slow as he never gets to class on time.
2. It was so interesting book that I couldn’t put it down.
3. The suitcase is as heavy that I can hardly carry it.
4. She is such nice girl that everyone likes her.
5. We arrived so late as Professor Baker had already called the roll.
6. We had so a small lunch that I am hungry already.
7. He drives so fast as no one likes to ride with him.
8. That so many advances have been made in so short time is the most valid argument
for retaining the research unit.
9. Preparing frozen foods is too easy that anyone can do it.
10. It is so nice weather that I would like to go to the beach.


1. so slow that 6. so small a lunch / such a small lunch
2. so interesting a book / such an 7. so fast that
interesting book 8. such a short time / so short a time
3. so heavy that 9. so easy that
4. such a nice girl / so nice a girl 10.such nice weather
5. so late that

Cause Connectors

Define whether the sentences below are TRUE (T) or FALSE (F). Correct mistakes.

1. They had so a good meal at that restaurant that they wanted to go there again.
2. They were such talented actors that their movie was a great success.
3. The store had too few customers that it closed.
4. It was such a long lesson that we could not finish it in one day.
5. He was as rich that he owned four homes.
6. He is so forgetful as he never pays his rent on time.
7. She was such a good student that she won a scholarship.
8. They had a such bad day that got depressed.
9. It was so warm weather that we went to the swimming pool.
10. The old woman’s handwriting was so faint that I could hardly read it.
11. The stars are so far from the earth that we cannot see most of them.
12. I had too many things to do that I could not finish them all.
13. It was so confusing as I could not understand it.
14. He spoke such good Arabic that he surprised everyone.
15. The building was as large that we had difficulty finding his office.
16. He gave me so good advice that I was very grateful to him.
17. They had such a good time in Rome that they always dreamed of going back.
18. He is so shy as he never speaks in class.
19. It was so good game that the stadium was packed.
20. The doctor has so many patients that he could not see them all.


1. F, so good a meal / 8. F, such a bad day / so 15.F, so large that
such a good meal bad a day
2. T 9. F, such 16. F, such good advice
3. F, so few 10.T 17. T
4. ? 11.? 18. F, so shy that
5. F, so rich 12. F, so many things 19. F, such a good game
6. F, so forgetful that 13. F, so confusing that 20.T
7. T 14.T

Cause Connectors


Cause Connectors

Enough with Adjectives, Adverbs and Nouns

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