Conditional Sentences

Conditional Sentences Exercises

Exercise-1
True-False Quiz-1
True-False Quiz-2
True-False Quiz-3
If – Clauses Type I , II and III
Examples
Exercise-2
Exercise-3
Exercise-4

– Practice Conditional Sentences with Exercises
– Interactive Exercises for Conditional Sentences
– Mastering Conditional Sentences: Exercise Compilation

Conditional Sentences

Conditional sentences are used to express hypothetical or imagined situations and their potential outcomes. Understanding how to form and use conditional sentences is important for effective communication and to convey your intended meaning. It is also relevant for success in the TOEFL exam.

Here are the key points to keep in mind when dealing with conditional sentences:

1- Conditional Sentence Structure:

– Conditional sentences typically consist of two clauses: the “if clause” (also known as the conditional clause) and the main clause.

– The “if clause” expresses the condition, while the main clause expresses the result or consequence.

– The conjunction “if” is commonly used to introduce the conditional clause, although other conjunctions like “unless,” “provided that,” or “in case” can also be used.

2- Types of Conditional Sentences:

a- Zero Conditional: Used for general truths and facts that are always true.

– If + present simple, present simple.

– Example: “If it rains, the streets get wet.”

b- First Conditional: Used for possible or likely situations in the present or future.

– If + present simple, will + base form.

– Example: “If I study, I will pass the exam.”

c- Second Conditional: Used for hypothetical or unreal situations in the present or future.

– If + past simple, would + base form.

– Example: “If I won the lottery, I would travel the world.”

d- Third Conditional: Used for hypothetical or unreal situations in the past.

– If + past perfect, would have + past participle.

– Example: “If I had studied, I would have passed the exam.”

3- Mixed Conditionals:

– Mixed conditionals combine different tenses to express a connection between a past condition and its present or future result.

– Example: “If I had taken the bus (past), I wouldn’t be late now (present).”

4- Inversion in Conditional Sentences:

– In conditional sentences, the order of the subject and auxiliary verb can be inverted in the conditional clause for emphasis.

– Example: “Should you need any assistance, please let us know.”

Understanding and correctly using conditional sentences will allow you to express hypothetical situations and their potential outcomes accurately. In the TOEFL exam, you may encounter questions that test your knowledge of conditional sentences, such as completing sentences with the appropriate conditional structure or understanding the meaning in context.

Remember to pay attention to verb tense and word order when constructing conditional sentences. By practicing and familiarizing yourself with different conditional structures, you can confidently express hypothetical situations and improve your overall language proficiency.

Exercise-1

Complete the sentences with the verb in the parentheses.

1. If I have enough apples, I (bake) an apple pie this afternoon.
2. If I had enough apples, I (bake) an apple pie this afternoon.
3. I will fix your bicycle if I (have) a screwdriver of the proper size.
4. I would fix your bicycle if I (have) a screwdriver of the proper size.
5. I (make) a tomato salad for the picnic tomorrow if the tomatoes in my garden are ripe.
6. I (make) a tomato salad for the picnic tomorrow if the tomatoes in my garden were ripe.
7. Jack would shave today if he (have) a sharp razor.
8. Jack will shave today if he (shave) a sharp razor.
9. Sally always answers the phone if she (be) in her office.
10. Sally would answer the phone if she (be) in her office right now.
11. I (not be) a student in this class if English (be) my native language.

Answers

1. will bake 5. will make 9. is
2. would bake 6. would make 10. were
3. have 7. had 11. would not be … were
4. had 8. has

1- If I have enough apples, I will bake an apple pie this afternoon.
2- If I had enough apples, I would bake an apple pie this afternoon.
3- I will fix your bicycle if I have a screwdriver of the proper size.
4- I would fix your bicycle if I had a screwdriver of the proper size.
5- I will make a tomato salad for the picnic tomorrow if the tomatoes in my garden are ripe.
6- I would make a tomato salad for the picnic tomorrow if the tomatoes in my garden were ripe.
7- Jack would shave today if he had a sharp razor.
8- Jack will shave today if he has a sharp razor.
9- Sally always answers the phone if she is in her office.
10- Sally would answer the phone if she were in her office right now.
11- I would not be a student in this class if English were my native language.

Conditional Sentences

Exercise -2

Complete the sentences with the verb in the parentheses.

1. If I (have) enough money, I will go with you.
2. If I (have) enough money, I would go with you.
3. If I (have) enough money, I would have gone with you.
4. If the weather is nice tomorrow, we (go) to the zoo.
5. If the weather were nice today, we (go) to the zoo.
6. If the weather had been nice today, we (go) to the zoo.
7. If Sally (be) at home tomorrow, I am going to visit her.
8. Jim isn’t home right now. If he (be) at home right now, I (visit) him.
9. Linda wasn’t at home yesterday. If she (be) at home yesterday, I (visit) her.
10. If I (be) were you, I would buy a new bicycle.
11. If my train (be) is late, I will take a taxi.
12. He would have been a doctor now, if he (wad finished) his medical studies.
13. I could understand your friend from Italy if he (spoke) more slowly.
14. If you (went) to London, might see the Queen.
15. What would you do if you (lived) here all the time, as we do?

Answers

1- If I have enough money, I will go with you.
2- If I had enough money, I would go with you.
3- If I had had enough money, I would have gone with you.
4- If the weather is nice tomorrow, we will go to the zoo.
5- If the weather were nice today, we would go to the zoo.
6- If the weather had been nice today, we would have gone to the zoo.
7- If Sally is at home tomorrow, I am going to visit her.
8- Jim isn’t home right now. If he were at home right now, I would visit him.
9- Linda wasn’t at home yesterday. If she had been at home yesterday, I would have visited her.
10- If I were you, I would buy a new bicycle.
11- If my train is late, I will take a taxi.
12- He would have been a doctor now if he had finished his medical studies.
13- I could understand your friend from Italy if he spoke more slowly.
14- If you went to London, you might see the Queen.
15- What would you do if you lived here all the time, as we do?

1. have 6. would have gone 10. were
2. had 7. Is 11. is
3. had had 8. were … would visit 12. had finished
4. shall / will 9. had been … would have visited 13. spoke
5. would go 14. went 15. lived

Conditional Sentences

Exercise-3

Write a sentence with if…
Example: We don’t visit you very often because you live so far away. — If you didn’t live so far away, we’d visit you more often.

1. He doesn’t speak very clearly – that’s why people don’t understand him.— If he __, people __.
2. That book is too expensive, so I’m not going to buy it. — If the book __, I __ .
3. We don’t go out very often because we can’t afford it. — If we __ .
4. It’s raining, so we can’t have lunch in the garden. — If it __ .
5. I have to work tomorrow evening, so I can’t meet you. – If I .
6. If you __ a wallet in the street, what would you do with it? (find)
7. I must hurry. My friend will be annoyed if I __ on time. (not/be)
8. I didn’t realise that Gary was in hospital. If I __ he was in hospital, I would have gone to visit him. (know)
9. If the phone __, can you answer it? (ring)
10. I can’t decide what to do. What would you do if you __ in my position? (be)
11. If you __ enough money to go anywhere in the world, where would you go? (have)
12. I’m glad we had a map. I’m sure we would have got lost if we __ time. (not/have)
13. The accident was your fault. If you __ more carefully, it wouldn’t have happened.(drive)
14. I can’t take much exercise because I don’t have enough free time. If I .

Answers

1. spoke … would understand 8. had known
2. weren’t… would buy 9. phone rings
3. could afford … would go out 10. were
4. weren’t raining … could have lunch 11. had you
5. didn’t have to work … could meet 12. hadn’t had
6. found 13. had driven/had been driving
7. am not 14. had / could

1- If he spoke clearly, people would understand him.
2- If the book weren’t expensive, I would buy it.
3- If we could afford it, we would go out more often.
4- If it weren’t raining, we could have lunch in the garden.
5- If I didn’t have to work tomorrow evening, I could meet you.
6- If you found a wallet in the street, what would you do with it?
7- I must hurry. My friend will be annoyed if I am not on time.
8- I didn’t realize that Gary was in the hospital. If I had known he was in the hospital, I would have gone to visit him.
9- If the phone rings, can you answer it?
10- I can’t decide what to do. What would you do if you were in my position?
11- If you had enough money to go anywhere in the world, where would you go?
12- I’m glad we had a map. I’m sure we would have gotten lost if we hadn’t had one.
13- The accident was your fault. If you had driven more carefully, it wouldn’t have happened.
14- I can’t take much exercise because I don’t have enough free time. If I had more free time, I could.

Conditional Sentences

Exercise-4

Fill the gaps in the sentences using the words given.

1. If I had more money, __ (you/marry) me?
2. He wouldn’t help you if__ (he/not/like) you.
3. __ (you/find) the machine is quite simple to operate if you look at the manual.
4. __ (your parents/not/be) proud if they could see you now?
5. If__ (I/not/revise) thoroughly, I may fail my test.
6. If you wanted to buy someone a really good present, what sort of thing __ (you/look for)?
7. You’d have a lot more friends if__ (you/not/be) so mean.
8. How __ (you/feel) if you were in my position?
9. Would you change your job if__ (you/can)?
10. If I __ (not/ arrive), they wouldn’t have known what to do.
11. If I __ (lend) you this book, will you take great care of it?
12. If road travel __ weren’t (not/ be) cheaper than rail travel in this country, we wouldn’t have so many traffic jams.
13. If we __ (don’t protect) wild life now, there will be nothing left for future generations.
14. If people (had realised) that smoking was dangerous when they were young, they wouldn’t be having serious health problems now.
15. If she __ (hadn’t failed) that exam, she wouldn’t have met her future husband.

Conditional Sentences

Answers

1. would you marry me 9. you could
2. he didn’t like you 10. hadn’t arrived
3. You’ll find 11. lend
4. Wouldn’t your parents be proud … 12. weren’t
5. I don’t revise 13. don’t profect
6. would you look for 14. had realised
7. you weren’t 15. hadn’t failed
8. would you feel

1- If I had more money, would you marry me?
2- He wouldn’t help you if he didn’t like you.
3- You’ll find the machine is quite simple to operate if you look at the manual.
4- Wouldn’t your parents be proud if they could see you now?
5- If I don’t revise thoroughly, I may fail my test.
6- If you wanted to buy someone a really good present, what sort of thing would you look for?
7- You’d have a lot more friends if you weren’t so mean.
8- How would you feel if you were in my position?
9- Would you change your job if you could?
10- If I hadn’t arrived, they wouldn’t have known what to do.
11- If I lend you this book, will you take great care of it?
12- If road travel weren’t cheaper than rail travel in this country, we wouldn’t have so many traffic jams.
13- If we don’t protect wildlife now, there will be nothing left for future generations.
14- If people had realized that smoking was dangerous when they were young, they wouldn’t be having serious health problems now.
15- If she hadn’t failed that exam, she wouldn’t have met her future husband.

Conditional Sentences

Exercise-5

Put the verb into the correct form.
Example: If I knew (know) her number, I would telephone her. I wouldn’t buy (not buy) that coat if I were you.

1. I (give) you a cigarette if I had one but I’m afraid I haven’t.
2. This soup would taste better if it (have) more salt in it.
3. If you (not go) to bed so late every night, you wouldn’t be so tired all the time.
4. I wouldn’t mind living in England if the weather (be) better.
5. I’d help you if I (can) but I’m afraid I can’t.
6. If I were you, I (not marry) him.
7. We would happily buy that house if it (not be) so small.
8. If you (go) to bed earlier, you wouldn’t be so sleepy in the morning.
9. She (lose) weight, if she ate fewer sweets.
10. If the meat (be) a little more done, this would be an excellent meal.
11. This apartment (be) perfect if it were a little larger.
12. If my daughter (be) here, I would be very happy.
13. If you (find) a job abroad, would you take it?
14. If I decided to apply, you (give) me a reference?
15. What would happen to car manufacturers if we all (ride) bicycles?

Answers

1. would give 6. wouldn’t marry 11.would be
2. had 7. weren’t 12.were
3. didn’t go 8. went 13. found
4. were 9. would lose 14. would give
5. could 10.were 15. rode

1- If I had a cigarette, I would give you one but I’m afraid I haven’t.
2- This soup would taste better if it had more salt in it.
3- If you didn’t go to bed so late every night, you wouldn’t be so tired all the time.
4- I wouldn’t mind living in England if the weather were better.
5- I’d help you if I could but I’m afraid I can’t.
6- If I were you, I wouldn’t marry him.
7- We would happily buy that house if it weren’t so small.
8- If you went to bed earlier, you wouldn’t be so sleepy in the morning.
9- She would lose weight if she ate fewer sweets.
10- If the meat were a little more done, this would be an excellent meal.
11- This apartment would be perfect if it were a little larger.
12- If my daughter were here, I would be very happy.
13- If you found a job abroad, would you take it?
14- If I decided to apply, would you give me a reference?
15- What would happen to car manufacturers if we all rode bicycles?

Conditional Sentences

Exercise-6

Put the verb into the correct form.
Example: They would be rather offended if I didn’t go to see them. (not/go)

1. If you took more exercise, you __ better. (feel)
2. If I were offered a job, I think I __ it. (take)
3. I’m sure Amy will lend you the money. I’d be very surprised if she __ . (refuse)
4. If I sold my car, I __ much money for it. (not/get)
5. A lot of people would be out of work if the factory __ . (close down)
6. What would happen if I __ that red button? (press)
7. Liz gave me this ring. She __ very upset if I lost it. (be)
8. Mark and Carol are expecting us. They would be disappointed if we __. (not/come)
9. Would Tim mind if I __ his bicycle without asking him? (borrow)
10. If somebody __ in here with a gun, I’d be very frightened. (walk)
11. I’m sure Sue __ if you explained the situation to her. (understand)

Answers

1. would feel 5. closed down / were 9. borrowed
2. would take closed down 6. pressed 10.walked
3. refused 7. would be 11. would understand
4. wouldn’t get 8. didn’t come

1- If you took more exercise, you would feel better.
2- If I were offered a job, I think I would take it.
3- I’m sure Amy will lend you the money. I’d be very surprised if she refused.
4- If I sold my car, I wouldn’t get much money for it.
5- A lot of people would be out of work if the factory closed down.
6- What would happen if I pressed that red button?
7- Liz gave me this ring. She would be very upset if I lost it.
8- Mark and Carol are expecting us. They would be disappointed if we didn’t come.
9- Would Tim mind if I borrowed his bicycle without asking him?
10- If somebody walked in here with a gun, I’d be very frightened.
11- I’m sure Sue would understand if you explained the situation to her.

Exercise-7

Put the verb into the correct form.
Example: If I knew his number, I would phone him. (know)

1. I __ that coat if I were you. (not/buy)
2. I __ you if I could, but I’m afraid I can’t. (help)
3. We would need a car if we __ in the country. (live)
4. If we had the choice, we __ in the country. (live)
5. This soup isn’t very good. It __ better if it weren’t so salty. (taste)
6. I wouldn’t mind living in England if the weather __ better. (be)
7. If I were you, I __ . (not/wait) I __ now. (go)
8. You’re always tired. If you __ to bed so late every night, you wouldn’t be tired all the time. (not/go)
9. I think there are too many cars. If there __ so many cars (not/be), there __ so much pollution. (not/be)

Answers

1. wouldn’t buy 6. were
2. would help 7. wouldn’t wait…would go
3. lived 8. didn’t go
4. would live would go 9. weren’t… wouldn’t
5. would taste

1- I wouldn’t buy that coat if I were you.
2- I would help you if I could, but I’m afraid I can’t.
3- We would need a car if we lived in the country.
4- If we had the choice, we would live in the country.
5- This soup isn’t very good. It would taste better if it weren’t so salty.
6- I wouldn’t mind living in England if the weather were better.
7- If I were you, I wouldn’t wait. I would go now.
8- You’re always tired. If you didn’t go to bed so late every night, you wouldn’t be tired all the time.
9- I think there are too many cars. If there weren’t so many cars, there wouldn’t be so much pollution.

Exercise-8

Write a sentence with if for each situation.
Example: I wasn’t hungry, so I didn’t eat anything. — If I’d been hungry, I would have eaten something.

1. The accident happened because the driver in front stopped so suddenly. — If the driver in front __ .
2. I didn’t know that George had to get up early, so I didn’t wake him up. — If I __ .
3. I was able to buy the car only because Jim lent me the money.
4. Margaret wasn’t injured in the crash because she was wearing a seat belt.
5. You didn’t have any breakfast — that’s why you’re hungry now.
6. I didn’t get a taxi because I didn’t have any money on me.
7. I didn’t know you were in hospital. If__ (I/know), __ (I/go) to visit you.
8. Ken got to the station in time to catch his train. If__ (he/miss) it, __ (he/be) late for his interview.
9. It’s good that you remind me about Arm’s birthday. __ (I/forget) if__ (you/not/remind) me.
10. Unfortunately, I didn’t have my address book with me when I was in New York. If __ (I/have) your address, __ (I/send) you a postcard.
11. I took a taxi to the hotel but the traffic was very bad. __ (It/be) quicker if__ (I/walk).
12. I’m not tired. If__ (I/be) tired, I’d go home now.
13. I wasn’t tired last night. If__ (I/be) tired, I would have gone home earlier.

Answers

1- If the driver in front hadn’t stopped so suddenly, the accident wouldn’t have happened.
2- If I had known that George had to get up early, I would have woken him up.
3- If Jim hadn’t lent me the money, I wouldn’t have been able to buy the car.
4- If Margaret hadn’t been wearing a seat belt, she would have been injured.
5- If you had had breakfast, you wouldn’t be hungry now.
6- If I had had some money on me, I would have gotten a taxi.
7- If I had known you were in the hospital, I would have gone to visit you.
8- If he had missed his train, he would have been late for his interview.
9- I wouldn’t have forgotten if you hadn’t reminded me.
10- If I had had your address, I would have sent you a postcard.
11- It would have been quicker if I had walked.
12- If I were tired, I would go home now.
13- If I had been tired, I would have gone home earlier.

Exercise-9

Complete the sentences.
Example: Liz is tired all the time. She shouldn’t go to bed so late. — If Liz didn’t go to bed so late, she wouldn’t be tired all the time.

1. It’s rather late. I don’t think Ann will come to see us now. I’d be surprised if Ann __ .
2. I’m sorry I disturbed you. I didn’t know you were busy. If I’d known you were busy, I__.
3. The dog attacked you, but only because you provoked it. If__ .
4. I don’t want them to be upset, so I’ve decided not to tell them what happened. They __if__.
5. Unfortunately, I didn’t have an umbrella and so I got wet in the rain. I __ .
6. Martin failed his driving test last week. He was very nervous and that’s why he failed. If he__ .

Answers

1. came
2. wouldn’t have disturbed you
3. If you hadn’t provoked the dog, it wouldn’t have attacked you.
4. They would be upset if I told them what happened /… what had happened
5. I wouldn’t have got (so) wet if I’d had an umbrella.
6. If he hadn’t been (so) nervous, he wouldn’t have failed.

1- It’s rather late. I don’t think Ann will come to see us now. I’d be surprised if Ann came.
2- I’m sorry I disturbed you. I didn’t know you were busy. If I’d known you were busy, I wouldn’t have disturbed you.
3- The dog attacked you, but only because you provoked it. If you hadn’t provoked the dog, it wouldn’t have attacked you.
4- I don’t want them to be upset, so I’ve decided not to tell them what happened. They would be upset if I told them what happened.
5- Unfortunately, I didn’t have an umbrella and so I got wet in the rain. I wouldn’t have got (so) wet if I’d had an umbrella.
6- Martin failed his driving test last week. He was very nervous and that’s why he failed. If he hadn’t been (so) nervous, he wouldn’t have failed.

Exercise-10

Fill in the blanks a suitable word. (A) will (B) won’t (C) would (D) wouldn’t

1. What __ you do if you won lots of money?

A) will
B) won’t
C) would
D) wouldn’t

2. If the students were studying, __ you disturb them?

A) will
B) won’t
C) would
D) wouldn’t

3. If you make so much noise, I __ be able to sleep.

A) will
B) won’t
C) would
D) wouldn’t

4. They __ have to hurry or they __ miss the train.

A) will
B) won’t
C) would
D) wouldn’t

5. They __ have missed the last bus if they had hurried.

A) will
B) won’t
C) would
D) wouldn’t

6. If I were you, I__buy a new bicycle.

A) will
B) won’t
C) would
D) wouldn’t

7. If she had locked all the doors, the burglars __ have got in.

A) will
B) won’t
C) would
D) wouldn’t

8. If my train is late, I __ take a taxi.

A) will
B) won’t
C) would
D) wouldn’t

9. He must build a strong boat, otherwise he __ be able to sail round the world.

A) will
B) won’t
C) would
D) wouldn’t

10. If you are a good girl, I __ buy you some chocolate.

A) will
B) won’t
C) would
D) wouldn’t

11. I __ finish the work if you don’t help me.

A) will
B) won’t
C) would
D) wouldn’t

12. If only they __ arrive on time.

A) will
B) won’t
C) would
D) wouldn’t

13. You __ understand unless you listen carefully.

A) will
B) won’t
C) would
D) wouldn’t

14. If he hadn’t cut his finger, it __ have hurt for weeks.

A) will
B) won’t
C) would
D) wouldn’t

15. I __ gave you $5 if you do me a favour.

A) will
B) won’t
C) would
D) wouldn’t

16. If Chris didn’t fall in love with Jane, he __ give her flowers.

A) will
B) won’t
C) would
D) wouldn’t

Answers

1- If you won lots of money, the correct answer is C) would. This is because winning lots of money refers to a hypothetical or unreal situation, so we use “would” to indicate the conditional nature of the statement.

2- If the students were studying, the correct answer is D) wouldn’t. This is because “disturb” is a negative action in this context, and we use “wouldn’t” to express that we would not perform the action.

3- If you make so much noise, the correct answer is D) wouldn’t. Similar to the previous question, making noise is a negative action, and we use “wouldn’t” to indicate that the action of being able to sleep would not happen.

4- They would have to hurry or they would miss the train, so the correct answer is C) would. This sentence refers to a conditional situation in which hurrying is necessary to avoid missing the train.

5- They would have missed the last bus if they had hurried, so the correct answer is C) would. This sentence also presents a hypothetical situation in the past, and “would” is used to indicate the result of not hurrying.

6- If I were you, I would buy a new bicycle, so the correct answer is C) would. This sentence describes a hypothetical situation, and “would” is used to express a possible action in that situation.

7- If she had locked all the doors, the burglars wouldn’t have got in, so the correct answer is D) wouldn’t. This sentence refers to a past condition, and “wouldn’t” is used to indicate the negative outcome that would not have occurred.

8- If my train is late, I would take a taxi, so the correct answer is C) would. This sentence presents a possible action in response to a conditional situation.

9- He must build a strong boat, otherwise he wouldn’t be able to sail round the world, so the correct answer is D) wouldn’t. This sentence describes a negative outcome that would result if the condition is not fulfilled.

10- If you are a good girl, I will buy you some chocolate, so the correct answer is A) will. This sentence expresses a positive outcome based on the condition being met.

11- I won’t finish the work if you don’t help me, so the correct answer is B) won’t. This sentence indicates the negative outcome of not receiving help.

12- If only they would arrive on time, the correct answer is C) would. This sentence expresses a desire for a specific outcome to occur.

13- You won’t understand unless you listen carefully, so the correct answer is B) won’t. This sentence indicates the negative outcome of not listening carefully.

14- If he hadn’t cut his finger, it wouldn’t have hurt for weeks, so the correct answer is D) wouldn’t. This sentence describes a negative outcome that would not have occurred if the condition was not met.

15- I will give you $5 if you do me a favor, so the correct answer is D) wouldn’t. This sentence presents a conditional situation where a positive outcome depends on performing the favor.

16- If Chris didn’t fall in love with Jane, he wouldn’t give her flowers, so the correct answer is D) wouldn’t. This sentence indicates the negative outcome of not falling in love.

Conditional Sentences

Exercise-11

Correct mistakes in these sentences.

1. If he studied more, he would have been able to pass the exam.
2. He would have signed his name in the corner, if he painted that picture.
3. Ben would have studied medicine if he were admitted to a medical school.
4. If water freezes, it has become a solid.
5. If you put too much water in rice when you cook, it got sticky.
6. If Jim’s family meet Karen, I am sure that they would like her.
7. If we had the money, we would have bought a new stereo system.
8. If Barbara was really my friend, she would call me once in a while.
9. If children be healthy, they learn to walk at about eighteen months old.
10. If they have a good sale, I would have stopped by on my way home.
11. If you made your bed in the morning, your room looks better when you got back in the afternoon.
12. If the neighbors hadn’t quieted down, I would have have to call the police.
13. If Mr. Harris is single, I could introduce him to my sister.
14. If orange blossoms are exposed to very cold temperatures, they withered and died.
15. We will wait if you wanted to go.
16. If Judy didn’t drink so much coffee, she wouldn’t have been so nervous.

Answers

1. had studied 9. are healthy, they will learn
2. had painted 10.will stop
3. had been admitted 11. would look better
4. becomes / will become 12.would have had
5. will get sticky 13.were single
6. met 14. wither and die
7. had had the money 15. want to go
8. were really my friends 16. wouldn’t be so nervous

1- If he had studied more, he would have been able to pass the exam.
2- He would have signed his name in the corner if he had painted that picture.
3- Ben would have studied medicine if he had been admitted to a medical school.
4- If water freezes, it becomes a solid.
5- If you put too much water in rice when you cook, it gets sticky.
6- If Jim’s family meets Karen, I am sure that they would like her.
7- If we had had the money, we would have bought a new stereo system.
8- If Barbara were really my friend, she would call me once in a while.
9- If children are healthy, they will learn to walk at about eighteen months old.
10- If they have a good sale, I will stop by on my way home.
11- If you make your bed in the morning, your room looks better when you come back in the afternoon.
12- If the neighbors hadn’t quieted down, I would have had to call the police.
13- If Mr. Harris is single, I could introduce him to my sister.
14- If orange blossoms are exposed to very cold temperatures, they wither and die.
15- We will wait if you want to go.
16 If Judy didn’t drink so much coffee, she wouldn’t be so nervous.

Conditional Sentences

Exercise-12

Define whether the sentences below are True (T) or True (F). Correct mistakes.

1. If he had not tried to jump over the stream, he would not break his leg.
2. If he would be taller, he would be a good basketball player.
3. If my apartment would be larger, I would not have to move.
4. If he was ready, we would begin the lesson.
5. If classes had finished sooner, I would have gone to Kanada last month.
6. If Betty would have driven more carefully, she would not have that accident.
7. If I will finish studying, I will go to the movies with you.
8. If the king had known the truth, he would have been very angry.
9. If Bob had practiced playing tennis more, he will not have lost the game.
10. If he had been here earlier, I would have saw him.
11. If I had seen him, I would have reminded him about his appointment.
12. If you will take a trip this summer, where will you go?
13. If Bob had received his check on time, he had certainly bought a new suit.
14. If she were the only person available, we would have to hire her.
15. If she had told me that she did not have enough money, I would pay for her trip last summer.

Answers

1. F, … he would not have broken … 9. F, … he would not have lost…
2. F, … he were taller … 10. F, … I would have seen him.
3. F, … my apartment were larger … 11. ?
4. F, … he were ready 12. F, … you take a trip …
5. T 13. F, … he would certainly have bought
6. F, … Betty had driven … … . 14.T
7. F, … I finish studying … 15. F, … I would have paid
8. T

1- F, If he had not tried to jump over the stream, he would not have broken his leg.
2- F, If he were taller, he would be a good basketball player.
3- F, If my apartment were larger, I would not have to move.
4- F, If he were ready, we would begin the lesson.
5- T
6- F, If Betty had driven more carefully, she would not have had that accident.
7- F, If I finish studying, I will go to the movies with you.
8- T
9 F, If Bob had practiced playing tennis more, he would not have lost the game.
10- F, If he had been here earlier, I would have seen him.
11- T
12- F, If you take a trip this summer, where will you go?
13- F, If Bob had received his check on time, he would certainly have bought a new suit.
14- T
15- T

Conditional Sentences

Exercise-13

Write sentence with I wish ….
Example: I don’t know many people (and I’m lonely). I wish I knew more people.

1. I can’t give up smoking (but I’d like to). I wish I __ .
2. I haven’t any cigarettes (and I need one). I wish __ .
3. George isn’t here (and I need him). I wish George __ .
4. It’s cold (and I hate cold weather). I wish __ .
5. I live in London (and I hate London). I __ .
6. Tina can’t come to the party (she’s your best friend). I __ .
7. I have to work tomorrow (but I’d like to stay in bed). __ .
8. I don’t know anything about cars (and my car has just broken down). __ .
9. I’m not lying on a beautiful sunny beach (and that’s a pity). __ .
10. Annie doesn’t now how to dance. She __ .
11. I don’t have a key (and I need one). I wish __ .
12. Ann isn’t here (and I need to see her).
13. I live in a big city (and I don’t like it).
14. I can’t go to the party (and I’d like to).

Answers

1. I wish I could give up smoking.
2. I wish I had a cigarette/some cigarettes.
3. I wish George were here.
4. I wish it weren’t so cold.
5. I wish I didn’t live in London.
6. I wish Tina could come to the party.
7. I wish I didn’t have to work tomorrow.
8. I wish I knew something about cars.
9. I wish I were lying on a beautiful sunny beach.
10…. wishes she knew how to dance.
11. I had a key.
12. I wish Ann were here.
13. I wish I didn’t live in a big city.
14. I wish I could go to the party.

Conditional Sentences

Exercise-14

Put the verbs in the parentheses into the correct form. Example: I feel sick. I wish I hadn’t eaten so much cake. (I/not/eat)

1. I’m fed up with this rain. I wish __ raining. (it/stop)
2. It’s a difficult question. I wish __ the answer. (I/know)
3. I should have listened to you. I wish __ your advice. (I/take)
4. I wish __ here. She’d be able to help us. (Ann/be)
5. Aren’t they ready yet? I wish __ . (they/hurry up)
6. It would be nice to stay here. I wish __ to go now. (we/not/have)
7. When we were in London last year, we didn’t have time to see all the things we wanted to see. I wish __ more time. (we/have)
8. It’s freezing today. I wish __ so cold, I hate cold weather. (it/not/be)
9. What I said was stupid. I wish __ anything. (I/not/say)
10. It was a terrible film. I wish __ to see it. (we/not/go)
11. You’re always tired. I wish __ to bed so late. (you/not/go)
12. My brother is in California on vacation, but I wish he (to be) here so that he could help me repair my car.
1. it would stop 7. we had had
2. I knew 8. it weren’t
3. I had taken 9. hadn’t said
4. Ann were 10. I hadn’t gone
5. they would hurry up 11. you wouldn’t go/didn’t go
6. we didn’t have 12. were

1- I’m fed up with this rain. I wish it would stop raining.
2- It’s a difficult question. I wish I knew the answer.
3- I should have listened to you. I wish I had taken your advice.
4- I wish Ann were here. She’d be able to help us.
5- Aren’t they ready yet? I wish they would hurry up.
6- It would be nice to stay here. I wish we didn’t have to go now.
7- When we were in London last year, we didn’t have time to see all the things we wanted to see. I wish we had had more time.
8- It’s freezing today. I wish it weren’t so cold, I hate cold weather.
9- What I said was stupid. I wish I hadn’t said anything.
10- It was a terrible film. I wish we hadn’t gone to see it.
11- You’re always tired. I wish you wouldn’t go to bed so late.
12- My brother is in California on vacation, but I wish he were here so that he could help me repair my car.

Conditional Sentences

Exercise-15

Write a sentence with I wish … for each situation. Example: You’ve eaten too much and now you feel sick. — I wish I hadn’t eaten so much.

1. There was a job advertised in the newspaper. You decided not to apply for it. Now you think that your decision was wrong.
2. When you were younger, you didn’t learn to play a musical instrument. Now you regret this.
3. You’ve painted the gate red. Now you think it doesn’t look very nice.
4. You are walking in the country. You would like to take some photographs but you didn’t bring your camera.
5. You have some unexpected guests. They didn’t tell you they were coming. You are very busy and you are not prepared for them. You say (to yourself): —.

Answers :

1. There was a job advertised in the newspaper. You decided not to apply for it. Now you think that your decision was wrong. – I wish I had applied for it.
2. When you were younger, you didn’t learn to play a musical instrument. Now you regret this. – I wish I had learned to play a musical instrument.
3. You’ve painted the gate red. Now you think it doesn’t look very nice. – I wish I hadn’t painted it red. / I wish I hadn’t painted the gate red.
4. You are walking in the country. You would like to take some photographs but you didn’t bring your camera. – I wish I had brought my camera.
5. You have some unexpected guests. They didn’t tell you they were coming. You are very busy and you are not prepared for them. You say (to yourself): – I wish they had told me they were coming. / I wish I had known they were coming.

Conditional Sentences

Exercise-16

Define whether the sentences below are True (T) or False (F).
Correct mistakes.

1. I wish Sarah would be here now.
2. I wish you would listen to me.
3. I wish I would have more money.
4. I wish it wouldn’t be so cold today.
5. I wish the weather would change.
6. I wish you wouldn’t complain all the time.
7. I wish everything wouldn’t be so expensive.
8. I wish that it was true.
9. Bill wishes that she were more interested in his work.
10. I wish that he were here.
11 .Gary wishes that he wasn’t working on Sunday.
12. She wishes that the trip is over.

Answers :

1. F, I wish Sarah were here now. 7. F, I wish everything weren’t so expensive
2. T. 8. F, I wish that it were true
3. F, I wish I had more money. 9. T
4. F, I wish it weren’t so cold today. 10.T
5. T 11. F, weren’t
6. T 12. F, were over

1- F, I wish Sarah were here now.
2- I wish you would listen to me. – T
3- F, I wish I had more money.
4- F, I wish it weren’t so cold today.
5- I wish the weather would change. – T
6- I wish you wouldn’t complain all the time. – T
7- F, I wish everything weren’t so expensive.
8- F, I wish that it were true.
9- Bill wishes that she were more interested in his work. – T
10- I wish that he were here. – T
11- F, Gary wishes that he weren’t working on Sunday.
12- F, She wishes that the trip were over.

Conditional Sentences

Exercise-17

Complete each sentence using as if.

1. Brian is a terrible driver. He drives __ the only driver on the road.
2. I’m 20 years old, so please don’t talk to me __ a child.
3. Steve has only met Nicola once but he talks about her __ a close friend.
4. It was a long time ago that we first met but I remember it __ yesterday.
5. Norman doesn’t know everything, but he talks __ everything .
6. I’m not a child, but sometimes you talk to me __ a child.
7. She doesn’t know me, so why did she smile at me __ .
8. He’s not my boss, but sometimes he acts __ .
9. Josh is treated fairly but he felt __ .
10. The Brownes are just as poor as we are, but they spend money __ millionaires.
11. Sheila and Brendan aren’t even engaged yet, but Sheila talks about Brendan __ already married.

Answers :

1. as if he were 5. as if he knew 9. as if he were not
2. as if I were 6. as if I were treated fairly 10. as if they were
3. as if she were 7. as if she knew 11. as if they were
4. as if it were 8. as if he were

1- Brian is a terrible driver. He drives as if he were the only driver on the road.
2- I’m 20 years old, so please don’t talk to me as if I were a child.
3- Steve has only met Nicola once but he talks about her as if she were a close friend.
4- It was a long time ago that we first met but I remember it as if it were yesterday.
5- Norman doesn’t know everything, but he talks as if he knew everything.
6- I’m not a child, but sometimes you talk to me as if I were a child.
7- She doesn’t know me, so why did she smile at me as if she knew?
8- He’s not my boss, but sometimes he acts as if he were.
9- Josh is treated fairly but he felt as if he were not.
10- The Brownes are just as poor as we are, but they spend money as if they were millionaires.
11- Sheila and Brendan aren’t even engaged yet, but Sheila talks about Brendan as if they were already married.

Conditional Sentences

Exercise-18

Define whether the sentences below are True (T) or False (F).Correct mistakes.

1. They wish they were able to spend more time in London.
2. My father wishes that he does not have to retire at sixty-five.
3. The farmer wished that he does not lose money on his cotton crop.
4. Abdulla wishes that his soccer team were the national champions.
5. The doctor wishes that he has more free time to play golf.
6. Each of her children wishes that he did not ignore the advice that she gave him.
7. I wish that I was earning more money and working less time.
8. My mother wishes that my father does more work around the house.
9. We wish that we did not have to go to the library this Saturday.
10. My friend Dorothy wishes she was still living in Paris.
11. Steven wishes that he has a bigger apartment.
12. Helen wishes that she did not live in a dormitory.
13. The actor wishes he was not required to perform every evening.
14. Ted wishes that he had not lost his job last month.
15. Bob wishes that he bought that house last spring.
16. I wish I was living in a warmer climate.

Answers :

1- T
2- F, My father wishes that he didn’t have to retire at sixty-five.
3- F, The farmer wished that he didn’t lose money on his cotton crop.
4- T
5- F, The doctor wishes that he had more free time to play golf.
6- F, Each of her children wishes that they didn’t ignore the advice that she gave them.
7- F, I wish that I were earning more money and working less time.
8- F, My mother wishes that my father did more work around the house.
9- T
10- F, My friend Dorothy wishes she were still living in Paris.
11- F, Steven wishes that he had a bigger apartment.
12- T
13- F, The actor wishes he were not required to perform every evening.
14- T
15- F, Bob wishes that he had bought that house last spring.
16- F, I wish I were living in a warmer climate.

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Conditional Sentences

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