Sentence Pattern

Sentence Pattern

Sentence Pattern Exercise -1

Exercise-1
Identify the subject, verb, compliment, and modifier in each of the following sentences.

1. Our neighbor’s dog barked all afternoon.

2. Our walking group meets at seven o’clock in the morning.
3. The band played all evening.
4. June speaks at almost every staff meeting.
5. Mrs. Perez bought a new rug for her dining room.
6. Some cough medicines contain alcohol.
7. Bill carried his tools in a five- gallon plastic bucket.
8. Linda often buys snacks at the university store.
9. All of the buses are equipped with safety belts.
10.Paulette wore the same brand of blue jeans for twenty years.
11. Several inches of water flooded the basement of the library during the night.
12.Martin orders all his clothes from catalogues.
13.A typical supermarket sells more than 18,000 products.
14. One flea can lay 500 eggs.
15.A dangerous situation exists in the Near East.
16.Elliot first met Olivia in the snack section of a supermarket.
17.Mr. Pandolfo wrote his own will.
18.My new English class meets three times a week.
19.Ellain wanted to get a new hat at the store.

Sentence Pattern

Exercise-2
Identify the part of speech of each word in the following sentences: noun, verb, adjective, adverb, article, conjunction, preposition, pronoun

1. The tiny island is surrounded by a spectacular body of water.
2. My pen is running out of ink.
3. I always wanted to go to that show.
4. Did you enjoy the party the other night?
5. My computer program is faulty.
6. The costumes in the pageant are almost as beautiful as the contestants.
7. The Paseo Del Rio runs along the San Antonio River in the heart of the city.
8. A beautiful photograph is a wonderful souvenir of an event.
9. You don’t need to read all the information to get the question right.
10. My sister was thrilled to be invited.
11 .In addition to being weatherproof, the new camera features a remote control.
12. The largest film festival in the world, the Houston International Film Festival, boasts 3,500 entries.
13. The main attraction of the new restaurant is the salad bar.
14. After deciding to go out and play, Gwen located her jacket.
15.The arboretum in our town has some beautiful pine trees.
16. Unlike those in the neighboring school, our teachers are quite flexible.
17. The bus was so late that we missed school.
18. The county fair is a lot of fun.
19. Leslie hid the dirty dishes in a cabinet before her mother came into the kitchen.
20. Pay’s recipe for baked beans is famous in our neighborhood.

Sentence patterns are made up of phrases and clauses.

A phrase is a group of connected words, but it is not a complete sentence because it is missing a subject and/or a verb. Phrases are just one component that makes up a complete sentence.
A clause contains a subject (actor) and a verb (action). There are two types of clauses:
An independent clause is a complete thought. It can stand alone as a complete sentence.
A dependent clause (a.k.a. subordinate clause) cannot stand alone as a complete sentence (even though it may contain a subject and a verb). It begins with a subordinating conjunction (because, when, while, after… and many more).
The possibilities are endless for different types of sentences patterns. Here are the most common and basic sentence patterns:

Pattern: Subject + Verb

The chef cooked.

Melissa reads.
She is eating.

Pattern: Adjective + Subject + Verb

The creative chef cooked.

I like eggs.
She sees her sister

Pattern: Adjective + Subject + Adverb + Verb

The creative chef methodically cooked.

Pattern: Adjective + Subject + Adverb + Verb + Prepositional Phrase

The creative chef methodically cooked in the kitchen.

Types Of Sentence Patterns

We will now look at 5 patterns in the English language.

Pattern 1 – Subject + Verb

Example:

Pauly waltzed onto the dancefloor. She read. The tired old woman cleaned often.

Pattern 2 – Subject + Verb + Direct Object

Example:

Pauly bought a new dress. She read the book. The old woman cleaned the drapes.

Pattern 3 – Subject + Verb + Direct Object + Indirect Object

Example:

Pauly bought her sister a new dress. The old woman gave the pharmacy her prescription.

Pattern 4 – Subject + Linking Verb + Noun Complement

Example:

Melissa was the class president. The boys were boy scouts.

Pattern 5 – Subject + Linking Verb + Adjective Complement

Example:

The house is very old. I am very hungry.

Sentence Pattern

Choose the correct verb and then supply the past tense or past participle, as appropriate.

sit/set, lie/lay, rise/raise

Yesterday afternoon the child —– down for a nap.

a) lie

b)  lay

Answer: b)  lay

Yesterday afternoon the child lay down for a nap.

The child has been —– by her grandparents

a) rise

b)  raise

Answer: b)  raise

The child has been raised by her grandparents.

Most days her grandfather has —– with her, reading her stories.

a) sit

b) set

Answer: b) set

Most days her grandfather has sat with her, reading her stories.

She has —— at dawn most mornings.

a) rise

b) raise

Answer:  a) rise

She has risen at dawn most mornings.

Her toys were —— out on the floor.

a) lie

b) lay

Answer:  b) lay

Her toys were laid out on the floor.

 

SENTENCE PATTERN

CAUSE CONNECTORS

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