|Sentence Pattern Exercise -1|
Identify the subject, verb, compliment, and modifier in each of the following sentences.
1. Our neighbor’s dog barked all afternoon.
|2. Our walking group meets at seven o’clock in the morning.|
|3. The band played all evening.|
|4. June speaks at almost every staff meeting.|
|5. Mrs. Perez bought a new rug for her dining room.|
|6. Some cough medicines contain alcohol.|
|7. Bill carried his tools in a five- gallon plastic bucket.|
|8. Linda often buys snacks at the university store.|
|9. All of the buses are equipped with safety belts.|
|10.Paulette wore the same brand of blue jeans for twenty years.|
|11. Several inches of water flooded the basement of the library during the night.|
|12.Martin orders all his clothes from catalogues.|
|13.A typical supermarket sells more than 18,000 products.|
|14. One flea can lay 500 eggs.|
|15.A dangerous situation exists in the Near East.|
|16.Elliot first met Olivia in the snack section of a supermarket.|
|17.Mr. Pandolfo wrote his own will.|
|18.My new English class meets three times a week.|
|19.Ellain wanted to get a new hat at the store.|
Identify the part of speech of each word in the following sentences: noun, verb, adjective, adverb, article, conjunction, preposition, pronoun
|1. The tiny island is surrounded by a spectacular body of water.|
|2. My pen is running out of ink.|
|3. I always wanted to go to that show.|
|4. Did you enjoy the party the other night?|
|5. My computer program is faulty.|
|6. The costumes in the pageant are almost as beautiful as the contestants.|
|7. The Paseo Del Rio runs along the San Antonio River in the heart of the city.|
|8. A beautiful photograph is a wonderful souvenir of an event.|
|9. You don’t need to read all the information to get the question right.|
|10. My sister was thrilled to be invited.|
|11 .In addition to being weatherproof, the new camera features a remote control.|
|12. The largest film festival in the world, the Houston International Film Festival, boasts 3,500 entries.|
|13. The main attraction of the new restaurant is the salad bar.|
|14. After deciding to go out and play, Gwen located her jacket.|
|15.The arboretum in our town has some beautiful pine trees.|
|16. Unlike those in the neighboring school, our teachers are quite flexible.|
|17. The bus was so late that we missed school.|
|18. The county fair is a lot of fun.|
|19. Leslie hid the dirty dishes in a cabinet before her mother came into the kitchen.|
|20. Pay’s recipe for baked beans is famous in our neighborhood.|
Sentence patterns are made up of phrases and clauses.
|A phrase is a group of connected words, but it is not a complete sentence because it is missing a subject and/or a verb. Phrases are just one component that makes up a complete sentence.|
|A clause contains a subject (actor) and a verb (action). There are two types of clauses:|
|An independent clause is a complete thought. It can stand alone as a complete sentence.|
|A dependent clause (a.k.a. subordinate clause) cannot stand alone as a complete sentence (even though it may contain a subject and a verb). It begins with a subordinating conjunction (because, when, while, after… and many more).|
|The possibilities are endless for different types of sentences patterns. Here are the most common and basic sentence patterns:|
Pattern: Subject + Verb
The chef cooked.
Pattern: Adjective + Subject + Verb
The creative chef cooked.
I like eggs.
Pattern: Adjective + Subject + Adverb + Verb
The creative chef methodically cooked.
Pattern: Adjective + Subject + Adverb + Verb + Prepositional Phrase
The creative chef methodically cooked in the kitchen.
Types Of Sentence Patterns
|We will now look at 5 patterns in the English language.|
Pattern 1 – Subject + Verb
Pauly waltzed onto the dancefloor. She read. The tired old woman cleaned often.
Pattern 2 – Subject + Verb + Direct Object
Pauly bought a new dress. She read the book. The old woman cleaned the drapes.
Pattern 3 – Subject + Verb + Direct Object + Indirect Object
Pauly bought her sister a new dress. The old woman gave the pharmacy her prescription.
Pattern 4 – Subject + Linking Verb + Noun Complement
Melissa was the class president. The boys were boy scouts.
Pattern 5 – Subject + Linking Verb + Adjective Complement
The house is very old. I am very hungry.
Choose the correct verb and then supply the past tense or past participle, as appropriate.
sit/set, lie/lay, rise/raise