|Structure And Written Expression
Child Development – Structure and Written Expression
Structure And Written Expression Exercises
Structure and Written Expression: Mastering Grammar and Sentence Structure
Structure and Written Expression is a crucial component of language proficiency, as it focuses on grammar, sentence structure, and usage. A solid understanding of grammar rules and sentence construction is essential for clear and effective written communication. In this section, we will explore key aspects of structure and written expression and provide tips for improving your grammar skills.
Conclusion: Developing strong skills in Structure and Written Expression is essential for effective written communication. By understanding the various aspects of grammar, sentence structure, agreement, modifiers, punctuation, and parallelism, you can construct grammatically correct and coherent sentences. Practice regularly, review grammar rules, and seek feedback on your writing to improve your skills. With a solid foundation in Structure and Written Expression, you will enhance your ability to convey ideas clearly, engage readers, and achieve success in written communication.
|Structure And Written Expression
Structure And Written Expression Test 1
Test 1. Choose the correct answer.
1. Arizona __ a very dry climate.
Answer : A) has
2. One of the least effective ways of storing information is learning __ it.
A) how repeat
C) to repeat
Answer : C) to repeat
|3. Strauss finished __ two of his published compositions before his tenth birthday.
C) to write
Answer : D) writing
4. Many modern architects insist on __ materials native to the region that will blend into the surrounding landscape.
B) to use
C) the use
Answer : D) using
5. Before the Angles and the Saxons to England, the Iberians had lived there.
D) did come
Answer : C) came
6. If water is heated to 212 degrees F. __ as steam.
A) it will boil and escape
B) it is boiling and escaping
C) it boil and escape
D) it would boil and escape
Answer : A) it will boil and escape
7. According to some historians, if Napoleon had not invaded Russia, he __ the rest of Europe.
A) had conquered
B) would conquer
C) would have conquered
Answer : C) would have conquered
8. Football teams don’t play in the Super Bowl championship __ either the National or the American Conference.
A) unless they win
B) but they win
C) unless they will win
D) But to have won
Answer : A) unless they win
9. Less moderate members of Congress are insisting that changes in the social security system __ made.
Answer : D) be
10. It is necessary__ the approaches to a bridge, the road design, and the alignment in such a way as to best accommodate the expected traffic flow over and under it.
B) to plan
D) The plan
Answer : B) to plan
11. In the stringed instruments, the tones __ by playing a bow across a set of strings that may be made of wire or gut.
A) they produce
C) are produced
D) that are producing
Answer : C) are produced
12. __ Giant Ape Man, our biggest and probably one of our first human ancestors, was about the size of a male gorilla.
A) It is believed that
B) That it is
C) That is believed
D) That believing
Answer : A) It is believed that
13. By the twenty-first century, the computer __ a necessity in every home.
C) has become
D) will have become
Answer : D) will have become
14.The giraffe survives in part because it __ the vegetation in the high branches of trees where other animals have not grazed.
A) to reach
B) can reach
Answer : B) can reach
15. Hydrogen peroxide __ as a bleaching agent because it effectively whitens a variety of fibers and surfaces.
B) is used
C) is using
D) that is uses
Answer : B) is used
16. Since the earth’s crust is much thicker under the continents, equipment would have to be capable of drilling through 100 000 feet of rock to investigate the mantle __.
A) beneath them
B) beneath their
C) beneath its
D) beneath they
17. Charlie Chaplin was a comedian __ was best known for his work in silent movies.
Answer : A) who
18. A desert receives less than twenty-five __ of rainfall every year.
B) a centimeter
D) of centimeters
Answer : C) centimeters
19. __ at 212 degrees F. and freezes at 32 degrees F.
A) waters boils
B) The water boils
C) Water boils
D) Waters boil
Answer : C) Water boils
20.It is generally believed that an M. B) A. Degree is good preparation for a career in__.
A) a business
D) one business
Answer : B) business
21. Fire-resistant materials are used to retard __ of modem aircraft in case of accidents.
A) a damage to the passenger cabin
B) that damages to the passenger cabin
C) damage to the passenger cabin
D) passenger cabin’s damages
Answer : C) damage to the passenger cabin
22. Hybrids have one more __ per plant than the other varieties.
B) ear of corn
C) corn ears
D) corn’s ears
Answer : B) ear of corn
23. __ trees is a custom that many people engage in to celebrate Arbor day.
A) The plant
D) To planting
Answer : C) Planting
24. __ migrate long distances is well documented.
A) That it is birds
B) That birds
C) Birds that
D) it is that birds
Answer : B) That birds
25. At Woolworth’s first five-and-ten-cent store, __ more than a dime.
A) neither items cost
B) items not cost
C) items non costing
D) no item cost
Answer : D) no item cost
26. __ fuel that is used today is a chemical form of solar energy.
A) Most of
B) The most
D) Almost the
Answer : B) The most
27. __ is cheaper for students who maintain aB average because they are a better risk than average or below-average students.
A) Automobile’s insurance
B) Insurance of automobiles
C) Automobile insurance
D) Insurance automobile
Answer : C) Automobile insurance
28. The Canterbury Tales, written about 1386, is as alive and __ today as it was nearly 600 years ago.
D) the appeal of
Answer : C) appealing
29. Oil paints are __ they have become the most popular painter’s colors.
A) so versatile and durable that
B) so versatile and durable than
C) such versatile and durable as
D) such versatile and durable
Answer : A) so versatile and durable that
30. Although we often use “speed” and “velocity” interchangeably, in a technical sense, “speed” is not always __ “velocity”.
B) the same as
Answer : A) alike
Structure And Written Expression Test 2
Test 2. Choose the correct answer.
1. Although they are smaller, chipmunks are __ most other ground squirrels.
A) like to
B) like as
Answer : C) like
2. After the purchase of the Louisiana Territory, the United States had __ it had previously owned.
A) twice more land than
B) two times more lad as
C) twice as much land as
D) two times much land than
Answer : C) twice as much land as
3. In the Great Smoky Mountains, one can see __ 150 different kinds of trees.
A) more than
B) as much as
C) up as
D) as many to
Answer : A) more than
4. It has been estimated that __ one hundred thousand men participated in the gold rush of 1898.
C) as many as
Answer : C) as many as
5. __ apples are grown in Washington State.
B) The most good
C) The best
D) The better
Answer : C) The best
6. It is generally true that the lower the stock market falls, __.
A) higher the price of gold rises
B) the price of gold rises high
C) the higher the price of gold rises
D) rises high the price of gold
Answer : C) the higher the price of gold rises
7. __ in the cultivation of a forest, trees need more careful planning than any other crop does.
A) Because the time and area involved
B) For the time and area involving
C) Because of the time and area involved
D) As a cause of the time and area involved
Answer : C) Because of the time and area involved
8. Amniocentesis can be used not only to diagnose fetal disorders __ the sex of the unborn child with 95 percent accuracy.
A) but determining
B) but also determining
C) but to determine
D) but also to determine
Answer : D) but also to determine
9. Bacterial spores germinate and sprout __ favorable conditions of temperature and food supply.
A) when encountering of
B) when they encounter
C) when they will encounter
D) when the encounter of
Answer : B) when they encounter
10. Recently, there have been several outbreaks of disease like legionnaire’s syndrome, and doctors don’t know __ .
A) what is the cause
B) the cause is what
C) is what the cause
D) what the cause is
Answer : D) what the cause is
11. Not until the Triassic Period __ .
A) the first primitive mammals did develop
B) did the first primitive mammals develop
C) did develop the first primitive mammals
D) the first primitive mammals develop
Answer : B) did the first primitive mammals develop
12. Penguins, the post highly specialized of all aquatic birds, may live __ twenty years.
Answer : C) for
13. _ the Gulf Stream is warmer than the ocean water surrounding it.
C) As a whole
D) A whole as
Answer : C) As a whole
14.Of all the cities in Texas, __ .
A) that san Antonio is probably the most picturesque
B) San Antonio is probably the most picturesque
C) probably San Antonio the most picturesque
D) the most picturesque probably that San Antonio
Answer : B) San Antonio is probably the most picturesque
15. Most beekeepers have observed __ at the approach of a thunderstorm.
A) enraging the bees
B) that bees become enrages
C) that bees enraging
D) become enraged the bees
Answer : B) that bees become enrages
16.The first transistor was basically a small chip made of germanium onto one surface of which two pointed wire contacts __ side by side.
A) are made
C) were made
Answer : C) were made
17. Iron __ for weapons and tools in the Bronze Age following the Stone Age.
A) is generally used
B) generally used
C) was generally used
D) used generally
Answer : C) was generally used
18. Groups of tissues, each with its own function, __ in the human body.
A) it makes up the organs
B) make up the organs
C) they make up the organs
D) makes up the organs
Answer : B) make up the organs
19. Cupid, one of the ancient Roman gods, __ .
A) were a little winged child
B) representing as a little winged child
C) was represented as a little winged child
D) a little winged child
Answer : C) was represented as a little winged child
20. In a suspension bridge __ that carry one or more flexible cables firmly attached at each end.
A) there are two towers on it
B) there are two towers
C) two towers there are
D) towers there are two
Answer : B) there are two towers
|21. A college bookstore that sells used textbooks stocks __ along with the new ones on the shelf under the course title.
Answer : D) them
22. The television programs we allow __ to watch influence their learning.
A) a children
B) our children
C) our child
D) their childs
Answer : our children
23. In a hot, sunny climate man acclimatizes by eating less, drinking more liquids, wearing lighter clothing, and __ .
A) skin changes that darken
B) his skin may darken
C) experiencing a darkening of the skin
D) darkens his skin
Answer : C) experiencing a darkening of the skin
23. Both historically and __, Ontario is the heartland of Canada.
A) in its geography
C) also its geography
Answer : B) geographically
25. Waitresses and waiters who serve __ deserve at least a 20 percent tip.
A) in a courteous manner
C) with courtesy in their manner
Answer : B) courteously
26. The average elevation of the Himalayas is twenty thousand feet, and Mount Everest __ to more than twenty-nine thousand feet at its apex.
Answer : B) rises
27. When Jacqueline Kennedy was first lady, she collected many beautiful antiques and __ them among the original pieces in the White House.
Answer : B) set
28. The president usually __ unless his press secretary approves it.
A) doesn’t do a statement
B) doesn’t make a statement
C) doesn’t statement
D) no statement
Answer : B) doesn’t make a statement
29. __ discovery of insulin, it was not possible to treat diabetes.
A) Prior to the
C) The prior
D) To prior
Answer : A) Prior to the
30. Unless protected areas are established, the Bengal tiger, the blue whale, and the California condor face __ of extinction.
B) the possibility
C) to be possible
Answer : B) the possibility
Structure And Written Expression Test 3
1. Telephone cables that use optical fibers can be ……… conventional cables, yet they typically carry much more information.
A ) they are smaller and lighter
C ) In the main clause of this sentence, “telephone cables that use optical fibers” are compared to “conventional cables.” Using the comparative form of the adjectives “small” and “light” followed by “than” correctly completes this sentence.
2. In making cheese, ………, is coagulated by enzyme action, by lactic acid, or by both.
A ) casein is the chief milk protein
D ) A subject is needed to complete this sentence. In D ) , “casein” is the subject of this sentence, even when followed by a noun phrase enclosed in commas that further identifies the subject.
3. Sensory structures ……… from the heads of some invertebrates are called antennae.
A ) are growing
C ) The relative (adjective) clause, “that grow from the heads of invertebrates” modifies the noun “structures.” The other choices do not modify the noun correctly.
4. An étude is a short musical composition written especially ……… a particular technique.
A ) enable students practicing
D ) The infinitive form of the verb is the only choice that completes this sentence grammatically. In this sentence, “to” of the infinitive is a shortened form of “in order to” and indicates purpose.
5. ……… the United States consists of many different immigrant groups, many sociologists believe there is a distinct national character.
A ) In spite of
C ) Only the adverbial “even though” is a subordinating conjunction that can correctly complete the dependent clause of this sentence.
6. ……… many food preservation methods for inhibiting the growth of bacteria.
A ) The
. C ) This question tests the structure “there” + “be.” The subject follows “be” when “there” is used. “There are” is required to complete this sentence correctly because the subject “methods” is plural.
7. The safflower plant is grown chiefly for the oil ……… from its seeds.
A ) obtained
A ) The passive form “obtained” is the only choice that completes this sentence grammatically. In this sentence, “obtained” is the shortened form of “that is obtained.”
8. Newspaper historians feel that Joseph Pulitzer exercised ……… on journalism in the United States during his lifetime.
A ) influence remarkable
. D ) An object is needed to complete this sentence. In D ) , the noun “influence” is the object, modified by the adjective “remarkable,” and these words are in the correct word order
9. ……… must have water to lay and fertilize their eggs, while their offspring, tadpoles, need water for development and growth.
A ) Though frogs and toads
B ) A subject is needed to complete the main clause of this sentence. The subject here is composed of two nouns joined by “and.”
10. The philosopher and educator John Dewey rejected ……….
A ) to use authoritarian teaching methods
D ) An object is required to complete this sentence. The noun phrase “authoritarian teaching methods” is the only choice that can act as the object of this sentence.
Choose the 1 word or phrase that best completes the sentence.
Structure And Written Expression