TENSES

Tenses

Online Quizzes
Tenses Ex-1
Tenses Explanations
Present Tense : Simple and Progressive
Present Tense : Simple and Progressive
Tenses Exercise -1

Exercise-1

Choose either the simple present or the present progressive form for the verbs in parentheses.

1. Most of the people in Korea ( play ) a sport.
2. He ( understand ) everything the teachers says.
3. When the party ( end ) , we’ll all go home by bus.
4. His sister ( go ) to work by train every day.
5. The boss ( need ) more time to work on project right now.
6. Her father ( wear ) his winter coat today.
7. That old sweater ( look ) new.
8. I’ll wait for you until the movie ( begin ) .
9. Most students ( make ) career plans before they graduate.
10.The students in my class this semester ( make ) a lot of progress in learning English.
1.play 2.understands 3.ends 4.goes 5.needs
6.is wearing 7. looks 8. begins 9. make 10. are making

Tenses

Exercise-2
Choose the correct form of the verb from parentheses.

1. This food ( is smelling / smells ) delicious.
2. He ( is going / goes ) to the gym every week.
3. Right now Tony ( is washing / washes ) his car.
4. Laurie always ( goes / is going ) to work at seven.
5. He usually ( phones / is phoning ) in the evening.
6. We ( go / are going ) to the movies at six tonight.
7. It may sound strange but I ( believe / am believing ) his story.
8. I ( remember / am remembering ) my first day at school.
1.smells 2.goes 3.is washing 4.goes
5. phones 7.are going 7.believe 8.remember

Tenses

Exercise-1

Choose either the simple present or the present progressive form for the verbs in parentheses.

1. Most of the people in Korea ( play ) a sport.
2. He ( understand ) everything the teachers says.
3. When the party ( end ) , we’ll all go home by bus.
4. His sister ( go ) to work by train every day.
5. The boss ( need ) more time to work on project right now.
6. Her father ( wear ) his winter coat today.
7. That old sweater ( look ) new.
8. I’ll wait for you until the movie ( begin ) .
9. Most students ( make ) career plans before they graduate.
10.The students in my class this semester ( make ) a lot of progress in learning English.
1.play 2.understands 3.ends 4.goes 5.needs
6.is wearing 7. looks 8. begins 9. make 10. are making

Tenses

Exercise-2
Choose the correct form of the verb from parentheses.

1. This food ( is smelling / smells ) delicious.
2. He ( is going / goes ) to the gym every week.
3. Right now Tony ( is washing / washes ) his car.
4. Laurie always ( goes / is going ) to work at seven.
5. He usually ( phones / is phoning ) in the evening.
6. We ( go / are going ) to the movies at six tonight.
7. It may sound strange but I ( believe / am believing ) his story.
8. I ( remember / am remembering ) my first day at school.
1.smells 2.goes 3.is washing 4.goes
5. phones 7.are going 7.believe 8.remember

Tenses

Exercise-3
Choose the correct form of the verb from parentheses.

1. At three o’clock in the morning Mary ( was reading / read ) .
2. I ( was calling / called ) Linda at ten last night.
3. While I ( watched / was watching ) TV, I heard a strange noise.
4. When Bob ( arrived / was arriving ) everyone was eating.
5. While I was studying, my roommate ( listened / was listening ) to the radio.
6. Jerry ( bought / was buying ) a new car last month.
7. When I heard the knock on the door, I ( opened / was opening ) it.
8. He ( went / was going ) to the library when he suddenly met her pass by.
1. was reading 2. 2. called 3. was watching 4. arrived
5. was listening 6. bought 7. opened 8. was going

Tenses


Exercise-4

Most of the sentences contain one mistake. Write TRUE ( T ) or
FALSE ( F ) . Correct mistakes.

1. The coffee is smelling wonderful.
2. Last year we visited the States.
3. The ship sank because the engineer wasn’t calling for help until it was already
sinking.
4. The reason I get fat is that I’m always tasting things while I’m cooking.
5. How is Jennifer? Does her health improve?
6. You’re quite right. I’m completely agreeing with you.
7. What did you after you left school?
8. Now I understand what you’re trying to say!
9. I can’t imagine why you were believing all those rumors.
10. Martin looked forward to a peaceful weekend, when his brother arrived with all his
friends from the football club.
11. Philippa heard the result of the election as she was driving to work, so she called me
when she got there.
12. Oh, I’m sorry, I’ve spilt some tea. Where are you keeping the paper towels?
1.F, smells 4.F, I always taste 7.F, did you do forward 10.F, was looking
2.T 5.F, Is … improving? 8. ? 11.?
3.F, didn’t call 6. F, I… agree 9.F, you believed 12. F, do you keep

Tenses


Exercise-5
Select either the past simple or the past perfect form for the verbs in parentheses.

1. She ( feel ) sick after she ( eat ) a whole box of chocolates.
2. After the doctor ( examine ) the child he ( have ) a talk with the mother.
3. When I ( call ) on my friend, he ( go ) out.
4. Mary ( finish ) her homework when her father ( come ) home from his office.
5. I ( throw ) away the newspaper after I ( read ) it.
6. After she ( spend ) all her money she ( ask ) her father to help her.
7. The teacher ( give ) back the exercise books after he ( correct ) them.
8. The sun ( rise ) when the farmer ( start ) work.
1. felt, had eaten 5. threw, had read
2. had examined, had 6. had spent, asked
3. called, had gone 7. gave, had corrected
4. finished, had come 8. rose, had started

Tenses

Exercise-6
Use the present perfect, present perfect continuous, past perfect or the past perfect continuous tense of the verbs given in the parentheses.

1. She ( study ) since six o’clock this morning.
2. Helen ( leave ) by the time we arrived.
3. John ( be ) to Italy.
4. The teacher returned the papers we ( prepare ) for her.
5. I ( know ) him for many years.
6. He ( work ) there for six years when he decided to quit.
7. She ( make ) ten long-distance telephone calls this morning.
8. David ( write ) letters all morning.
1. has been studying 5. have know
2. had left 6. had been working
3. has been 7. has made
4. had prepared 8. has been writing

Tenses


Exercise-7
Write the form of the verb specified in parentheses.

1. Before Mr. Kaufman’s fourth child was born he ( buy / past perfect ) a heavy-duty clothes washer.
2. Unfortunately, Adam ( forget/ past perfect ) to attend his memory skills seminar.
3. By this time tomorrow, Tim ( drive / future perfect ) across four states.
4. Ira showed me the rubber snake he ( win / past perfect ) at the state fair.
5. Scientists ( measure / present perfect ) winds of more than 150 miles an hour during severe thunderstorms.
6. Over the summer Ronnie ( leam / past perfect ) to dance the rumba, the tango, and the lambada.
7. By Tuesday I ( spend / future perfect ) my whole pay check.
8. Arthur ( take / present perfect ) four days off this week in order to participate in a croquet tournament.
9. By next year Eloise and Isaac ( build / future perfect ) their own log cabin.
10. Carmel’s mathematics professor ( inspire / present perfect ) her to become a math major.
1. had bought 6. had learned
2. had forgotten 7. will have spent
3. will have driven 8. has taken
4. had won 9. will have built
5. have measured 10. has inspired

Tenses


Exercise-8
Choose the right variant.

1. Everything is going well. We didn’t have / haven’t had any problems so far.
2. Margaret didn’t go / hasn’t gone to work yesterday.
3. Look! That man over there wears / is wearing the same sweater as you.
4. Your son is much taller than when I last saw him. He grew / has grown a lot.
5. I still don’t know what to do. I didn’t decide / haven’t decided yet.
6. I wonder why Jim is / is being so nice to me today. He isn’t usually like that.
7. Jane had a book open in front of her but she didn’t read / wasn’t reading it.
8. I wasn’t very busy. I didn’t have / wasn’t having much to do.
9. Mary wasn’t happy in her new job at first but she begins / is beginning to enjoy it
now.
10. After leaving school, Tim found / has found it very difficult to get a job.
11. When Sue heard the news, she wasn’t / hasn’t been very pleased.
12. This is a nice restaurant, isn’t it? Is this the first time you are / you’ve been here?
13. I need a new job. I’m doing / I’ve been doing the same job for too long.
14. Ann has gone out. — Oh, has she? What time did she go / has she gone?
15. You look tired. — Yes, I’ve played /I’ve been playing basketball.
16. Where are you coming / do you come from? Are you American?
17. I’d like to see Tina again. It’s a long time since I saw her / that I didn’t see her.
18. Bob and Alice have been married since 20 years / for 20 years.

 

1. haven’t had 7. wasn’t reading 13. I’ve been doing
2. didn’t go 8. didn’t have 14. did she go
3. is wearing 9. is beginning 15. I’ve been playing
4. has grown 10. found 16. do you come
5. haven’t decided 11. wasn’t 17. since I saw her
6. is being 12. you’ve been 18.for 20 years

Tenses

Exercise-9
Use correct future tense of the verbs in parentheses.
1. I ( finish ) my homework by the time I go out.
2. When my brother ( arrive ) we will have a party.
3. At this time next year he ( live ) in Hawaii.
4. As soon as it stops raining we ( leave ) .
5. By the time you come, he ( study ) for two hours.
6. John ( buy ) a house next year.
7. He ( come ) late.
8. They ( play ) for three hours by the time we have dinner.
1. will have finished 6. will buy / is going to buy
2. arrives 7. will come
3. will be living 8. will have been playing / will have
4. will leave played  
5. will have studied / will have been studying  

Tenses

Exercise-10
Choose the simple or progressive form of the verb.
1. Mary always ( buys / is buying ) a lot of clothes.
2. He ( looked / was looking ) at the picture when we saw him.
3. Somebody ( was breaking / broke ) two windows last night.
4. He ( thought / was thinking ) about his mother when the door opened.
5. The President ( thought / was thinking ) that the war should stop.
6. How long is it since you ( were buying / bought ) that coat?
7. Shut up, John! You ( are / are being ) very noisy today!
8. I can’t remember all the film, but I’m sure I must ( have seen / have been seen ) it before.
9. I’ll give you a ring when I’m in Paris. Where ( will you stay / will you be staying ) ?
10. I don’t know where Henry is. He should ( have arrived / have been arriving ) long before this.
1. buys 2. was looking 3. broke 4. was thinking 5. thought 6. bought
7. are / are being 8. have seen 9. will you be staying 10. have arrived    

Exercise-11
Correct any mistakes in the verb tenses.
1. He is working for Sony since he came to the United States.
2. Most of the children in my country are wearing a uniform to school.
3. A teacher doesn’t want to have students in her class who had caused a lot of trouble.
4. In kindergarten, teachers usually are teaching students the alphabet and the spelling of simple words.
5. In the picture, the woman who sits in the middle looks like the most powerful member of the family.
6. We see a lot of changes in China because right now a lot of people trying hard to educate themselves.
7. This is the first time that my brother was in the hospital.
8. They are sitting in the restaurant for the last three hours.
9. They will start building a new house as soon as they will get a mortgage.
10. Most people are doing exercises after work.
1. has been working 2. wear 3. cause 4. teach 5. is sitting
6. are trying 7. has been 8. have been sitting 9. get 10. do

Exercise-12
Define whether the following sentences are TRUE ( T ) or FALSE ( F ) .
Correct mistakes.
1. I have been in Mexico during the summer of 1970.
2. Mary had prepared dinner when I arrived, so we were able to eat immediately.
3. Three years ago he had been a student at a university in California.
4. We have collected stamps for many years.
5. We took the bus downtown, did a few errands, and had gone to lunch.
6. Since he bought a new car, he has been driving to work every day.
7. Last night they have recognized us from the party we went to earlier in the week.
8. Since Ted graduated, he has been working with his father.
9. The doctor had seen ten patients since eight o’clock this morning.
10. He is studying English for the last five years.
1. has been working 2. wear 3. cause 4. teach 5. is sitting
6. are trying 7. has been 8. have been sitting 9. get 10. do

Tenses

Exercise-13
TEST. Find the correct form of the verb.

1. Who speaks French in your family?

— I ………

A ) have

B ) do

C ) am

2. When …….. you buy the new TV set?

A ) did

B ) were

C ) are

3. We …….. never been to London.

A ) had

B ) were

C ) have

4. Where …….. you going when I met you last night?

A ) did

B ) were

C ) are

5. …….. your friend like to watch TV in the evening?

A ) do

B ) does

C ) is

6. What are you doing?

— I …….. reading a book.

A ) was

B ) am

C ) is

7. We thought they …….. be late.

A ) would

B ) shall

C ) will

8. Many new buildings …….. built in our town last year.

A ) had

B ) are

C ) were

9. The letter …….. sent tomorrow.

A ) will be

B ) has

C ) will

10. I …….. Dick today.

A ) haven’t seen

B ) hadn’t seen

C ) didn’t see

11. Were you tired after skiing yesterday?

— Yes, I ………

A ) were

B ) did

C ) was

12. When we came into the hall they …….. this problem.

A ) were discussing

B ) discussed

C ) have discussed

13. We …….. from the institute in five years.

A ) have graduated

B ) graduated

C ) shall graduate

14. Don’t go out. It…….. hard.

A ) is raining

B ) was raining

C ) rains

15. They …….. the institute five years ago.

A ) have entered

B ) entered

C ) had entered

16. Does the professor …….. a lot of experience?

A ) has

B ) have

C ) had

17. Did he …….. the weekend in the country?

A ) spent

B ) spend

C ) spends

18. I shall call you as soon as I …….. home.

A ) came

B ) shall come

C ) come

Tenses

19. The report …….. ready by 6 o’clock yesterday.

A ) was

B ) has been

C ) had been

20. She usually …….. to bed very early.

A ) goes

B ) has gone

C ) going

What auxiliary verbs will be used to put a question to the following sentences: A ) do B ) did C ) does D ) had

21. Mary goes in for skating.

A ) do

B ) did

C ) does

D ) had

22. I like skiing in the forest.

A ) do

B ) did

C ) does

D ) had

23. First spring flowers appeared in the fields.

A ) do

B ) did

C ) does

D ) had

24. She had to miss the last lecture. Choose the English equivalents for the words given in brackets:

 

25.The meeting ( ? ) at 5 o’clock.

A ) has begun

B ) began

C ) was beginning

26.At 5 o’clock yesterday I ( ? ) to the station.

A ) was going

B ) was gone

C ) went

27. I ( ? ? ) this text yet.

A ) didn’t translate

B ) haven’t translated

C ) hadn’t translated

 

1. ? 2. A 3. ? 4. ? 5. ? 6. ? 7. A 8. ? 9. A 10. ?
11. C 12. ? 13. ? 14. ? 15. ? 16. B 17. ? 18. C 19. C 20. A
21. C 22. ? 23. ? 24. ? 25. B 26. ? 27. B      

Tenses

Exercise-14
TEST. Find the correct form of the verb.

1. How long …….. you …….. English?

A ) do …….. learn

B ) have …….. been learning

C ) are …….. learning

2. She …….. tennis since she was eight.

A ) has been playing

B ) plays

C ) is playing

3. Bob has a black eye and Bill has a cut lip. Bob and Bill ………

A ) were fighting

B ) fought

C ) have been fighting

4. You have just arrived to meet your friend who is waiting for you. …….. he …….. long?

A ) has …….. been waiting

B ) has …….. waited

C ) does …….. wait

5. George smokes. He …….. for five years.

A ) is smoking

B ) has been smoking

C ) has smoked

6. We …….. with my model railway since early morning, — said Jim.

A ) are playing

B ) play

C ) have been playing

7. Linda is from Australia. Mow she is travelling round Europe. She began her tour three months ago. She …….. six countries so far.

A ) has visited

B ) has been visiting

C ) visited

8. There is a strange smell in the kitchen. …….. you …….. something?

A ) Did …….. cook

B ) Have …….. cooked

C ) Have …….. been cooking

9. Tom’s hands are very dirty. He …….. his car for the whole morning.

A ) has repaired

B ) was repairing

C ) has been repairing

10. Jim …….. tennis three times this week.

A ) has been playing

B ) has played

C ) is playing

11. Somebody …….. all my porridge. The plate is empty.

A ) has eaten

B ) has been eaten

C ) is eating

12. He …….. our family since we came to London.

A ) has been knowing

B ) knew

C ) has known

13. I …….. Ann for a long time.

A ) haven’t seen

B ) didn’t see

C ) has known

Tenses

14. I was very tired when I arrived home. I …….. hard all day.

A ) was working

B ) had worked

C ) had been working

15.Tom was watching TV. He was feeling very tired. He …….. all day.

A ) was studying

B ) had been studying

C ) studying

16.I tried to call Jack but I couldn’t. He …….. very fast.

A ) had been running

B ) ran

C ) was running

17. We …….. along the road for about 20 minutes when a car stopped and the driver offered us a lift.

A ) were walking

B ) had been walking

C ) walked

18. When I arrived, Ann …….. for me.

A ) was waiting

B ) had been waiting

C ) had waited.

19. Mr. and Mrs. Jenkins …….. in the south of France for six months when Mr. Jenkins died.

A ) lived

B ) were living

C ) had been living

20. When I arrived, everyone was sitting around the table with their mouths full. They ………

A ) had been eating

B ) were eating

C ) ate

Tenses

1. ? 2. A 3. ? 4. A 5. ? 6. ? 7. A 8. ? 9. ? 10. ?
11. A 12. ? 13. ? 14. C 15. ? 16. ? 17. ? 18. A 19. C 20. B

Tenses

TENSES

 

Linking Verbs

fromizmir.com

Tenses in English, Statements – Exercise

Wait a minute, I … this box for you.

Answer : Wait a minute, I will carry this box for you.

-spontaneous action → will-future will + infinitive

Since 2011 they … their son every year.

Answer : Since 2011 they have visited their son every year. While the doctor Mr Jones this morning, his son

-action beginning in the past and still continuing → Present Perfect have ( because of they ) + infinitive + -ed

After Larry … the film on TV, he decided to buy the book.

Answer : After Larry had seen the film on TV, he decided to buy the book.

-two past actions are combined – the first action → Past Perfect had + past participle ( irregular verb: see → saw → seen )

There are a lot of clouds! It … soon.

-logical consequence → going to-future is ( because of it ) + going to + infinitive short/contracted form: it’s going to rain

Answer : There are a lot of clouds! It is going to rain soon.

The sun … in the east.

Answer : The sun rises in the east.

-things in general → Simple Present infinitive + s ( because of the sun → it )

I … to visit you yesterday, but you not at home.

Answer : I wanted to visit you yesterday, but you were not at home.

-yesterday → Simple Past infinitive + -ed irregular verb: be → were ( because of you )

outside…

Answer : While the doctor was examining Mr Jones this morning, his son was waiting outside.

-two actions were happening at the same time ( the actions do not influence each other ) → Past Progressive
was ( because of the doctor ) + infinitive + -ing was ( because of his son ) + infinitive + -ing

I … for my girlfriend for two hours.

Answer : I have been waiting for my girlfriend for two hours.

-action beginning in the past and still continuing ( focus is on the action ) → Present Perfect Progressive have ( because of I ) + been + infinitive + -ing short / contracted form: I’ve been waiting

Look! … It , so we can’t to the beach.

Answer : Look! It is raining, so we can’t go to the beach.

-Look! → Present Progressive is ( because of it ) + infinitive + -ing short/contracted form: it’s raining Use the infinitive after the auxiliary can.

We … TV when it started to rain.

Answer : We were watching TV when it started to rain.

-action was in progress at special time in the past → Past Progressive were ( because of we ) + infinitive + -ing

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