Adjectives And Adverbs
Adjectives And Adverbs
Choose the correct word in the parentheses.
|1. George is a (careless / carelessly) writer. He writes (careless / carelessly).|
|2. Frank asked me an (easy / easily) question. I answered it (easy / easily).|
|3. Sally speaks (soft / softly). She has a (soft / softly) voice.|
|4. I entered the classroom (quiet / quietly) because I was late.|
|5. Ali speaks English very (good / well). He has very (good / well) pronunciation.|
|6. This math problem looks (easy / easily). I’m sure I can do it (easy / easily).|
|7. That chair looks (comfortable / comfortably).|
|8. I looked at the problem (careful / carefully) and then solved it.|
|9. I felt (sad / sadly) when I heard the news.|
|10. Susan smiled (cheerful / cheerfully). She seemed (cheerful / cheerfully).|
|11. I tasted the soup (careful / carefully) because it was hot. The soup tasted (good /
|12. The room got (quiet / quietly) when the professor entered. The students sat (quiet
/ quietly) at their desks.
|13. The sky grew (dark / darkly) as the storm approached.|
|1. careless, carelessly||6. easy, easily||11. carefully, good|
|2. easy, easily||7. comfortable||12.quiet, quietly|
|3. softly, soft||8. carefully||13. dark|
|4. quietly||9. sad|
|5. well, good||10. cheerfully, cheerful|
ADJECTIVES AND ADVERBS
Decide whether the underlined words are right (R) or wrong (W).
Correct those which are wrong.
|1. Give my best wishes to your parents. I hope they are well.|
|2. The children behaved themselves very good.|
|3. I tried hardly to remember his name but I couldn’t.|
|4. The company’s financial situation is not well at present.|
|5. Jack has started his own business. Everything is going quite good.|
|6. Don’t walk so fast. Can’t you walk more slowly?|
|7. See you soon! Don’t work too hard.|
|1. Right||3. W.hard||5. W, well||7. Right|
|2. W,well||4. W,good||6. Right|
ADJECTIVES AND ADVERBS
Choose the right word, an adjective or an adverb.
|1. Please, shut the door (quiet / quietly).|
|2. Can you be (quiet / quietly), please?|
|3. This soup tastes (nice / nicely).|
|4. Tom cooks very (good / well).|
|5. Don’t go up that ladder. It doesn’t look (safe / safely).|
|6. We were relieved that he arrived (safe / safely) after his long journey.|
|7. Do you feel (nervous / nervously) before examination?|
|8. Hurry up! You’re always so (slow / slowly).|
|9. He looked at me (angry / angrily) when I interrupted him.|
|1. quietly||4. well||7. nervous|
|2. quiet||5. safe||8. slow|
|3. nice||6. safely||9. angrily|
ADJECTIVES AND ADVERBS
Decide whether to use an adjective or an adverb in each of the following sentences.
|1. Martha performed (good/well) on the exam.|
|2. The car moves (quick/quickly).|
|3. The ground was (firm/firmly) after the night’s frost.|
|4. Paul scored the test (accurate/accurately).|
|5. The winner of the contest is certainly (beautiful/beautifully).|
|6. My new car runs so (smooth/smoothly).|
|7. The color of my house is (bright/brightly) yellow.|
|8. That old computer runs so (slow/slowly).|
|9. After going to the dance, Mary was (real/really) tired.|
|10.That meal was (delicious/deliciously).|
|11. Floods cause millions of dollars worth of property damage (annual/annually).|
|12. Writer Ernest Hemingway is known for his (simple/simply) language and his lively dialogue.|
|13. Skyscrapers developed (simultaneous/simultaneously) in Chicago and New York City.|
|14. The endocrine system functions in (close/closely) relationship with the nervous system.|
|15. Mushrooms are found in an (incredible/incredibly) range of sizes, colors and shapes.|
|16. Opera singer Maria Callas was known for her (intense/intensely) powerful voice.|
|1. well||7. bright||13. simultaneously|
|2. quickly||8. slowly||14. close|
|3. firm||9. really||15.incredible|
|5. beautiful||11. annually|
|6. smoothly||12. simple|
Define whether sentences are TRUE (T) or FALSE (F). Correct mistakes.
|1. The bus arrived lately, so I missed my first class.|
|2. We did not pass the test, but we certainly tried hard.|
|3. The train left at exactly 5:00 P.M.|
|4. When Ms. Smith went to Germany, she bought an exquisitely carved vase.|
|5. They had a real good chance of winning the national competition.|
|6. Computers process data efficiently.|
|7. We worked hard and saved enough money to take a trip.|
|8. There was a hasty called meeting to discuss the bus strike.|
|9. He was thorough interested in the subject.|
|10.That dress fits her perfectly.|
|11 .She likes her students to arrive prompt for class.|
|12. We studied really hard for the test.|
|13. He was bright and attractive.|
|14.The child ran fastly to get to school.|
|15. He wrote his paper really good.|
|16.The careful organized tour of the city was a huge success.|
|17.You cannot possibly imagine how embarrassed I was yesterday.|
|18. Although he plays soccer well, he plays tennis bad.|
|19. I read an interestingly written report.|
|20. The time went by very fastly on our vacation.|
|1. F,late||8. F, hastily||15.F,well|
|2. T||9. F, thoroughly||16. F, carefully|
|4. T||11.F, promptly||18.f, badly|
|5. F, really||12.T||19.T|
Rewrite each sentence beginning with the words given.
|1. Ursula is a very quick learner. — Ursula learns very quickly.|
|2. Richard can cook really well. — Richard is a __ .|
|3. Your behaviour was extremely foolish. — You behaved __ .|
|4. The hotel staff treated us in a very friendly manner. — The hotel staff were __ .|
|5. I don’t think that’s a practical suggestion. — That suggestion doesn’t sound __ .|
|6. Philippa is usually a hard worker. — Philippa usually works __ .|
|7. Have the children been good today? — Have the children behaved __ ?|
|8. I wish you could swim fast. — I wish you were __ .|
|2. really good cook||4. very friendly towards||6. hard|
|3. extremely foolishly us||7. well today|
|5. practical (to me)||8. a fast swimmer|
Define whether the sentences below are TRUE (T) or FALSE (F). Correct mistakes.
|1. “Please get a move on!” shouted Trevor impatient.|
|2. I believe she is a very lonely woman.|
|3. I didn’t like his plan, which seemed unnecessary complicated to me.|
|4. I’m sure you could win the match if you tried hardly.|
|5. I have an awful headache, so could you please be quiet.|
|6. Soraya’s only been in France a year, but she speaks perfectly French.|
|7. The reason Bruce gets so tired is that he has an exceptional demanding job.|
|8. My mother was very ill last year, but she’s good enough to go on holiday now.|
|9. David ran as fast as he could but he still arrived late.|
|10. In spite of the fact that Jean always says she’s short of money, I happen to know she actually has a very good-paid job.|
|11. A barracudas’ teeth are awful large and knife like.|
|12. This fall’s television shows are surely interesting.|
|13. Jefferson did good in the state-wide art contest held last spring.|
|14. I ran bad in my first race, but in the second race I did much better.|
|15. The ginger ice cream tasted good.|
|16. Daphne scored perfect on the mathematics section of her college entrance examination.|
|1. F, impatiently||6. F, perfect English||11. F, awfully|
|2. T||7. F, exceptionally||12. T|
|3. F, unnecessarily||8. F, well enough||13. F, well|
|4. F, hard||9. T||14. F, badly|
|5. T||10. F, well-paid||15. T|
|16. F, perfectly|
Adjectives and Adverbs
|We use adjectives to describe nouns and pronouns. Adjectives can come before nouns or after linking verbs.|
|Before the noun:
– He dropped the hot plate.
– I have a black cat.
– The small boy ran down the street.
– What a beautiful view!
|After a linking verb:
– He seems tired.
– The view is beautiful.
– The weather became cold.
– My cat is black.
|(Linking verbs are verbs like ‘be’, ‘become’ and ‘seem’ which are not actions but instead link the subject to an adjective, noun or phrase that gives us more information about the subject.) We make the comparative and superlative of adjectives by adding either ‘-er / -est’ or using ‘more /
|– She is tall.
– She is taller than her sister.
– She is the tallest person in the class.
|Adverbs are used to describe verbs, adjectives or other adverbs. They are often (but not always) made by adding ‘ly’ to the adjective.|
|– I walked slowly (‘slowly’ tells us about the verb ‘walk’).
– They worked quickly.
|We make the comparative and superlative forms of adverbs by using ‘more / most’.|
|– She sang loudly.
– She sang more loudly than her friend.
– She sang most loudly in the class.
Adverb or adjective ?
It’s important to remember to use an adjective after a linking verb. However, this can be tricky as some verbs can be used as both normal verbs and as linking verbs. One test is to replace the verb with the same form of ‘be’ and see if the sentence still makes sense. If it does, the verb is being used as a linking verb and so needs an adjective, not an adverb.
|– He smells the hot soup carefully. (Here we are talking about the action of smelling and using smell as a normal verb, so we need an adverb.)
– The soup smells good. (Here we are using ‘smell’ as a linking verb, to describe the soup. We can replace ‘smells’ with ‘is’ and the sentence still makes sense. So, we need an adjective.)
– He looked tiredly at the dirty kitchen. (Here we are talking about the action of looking and using ‘look’ as a normal verb, so we use an adverb to describe the way of looking.)
– You look beautiful. (Here we are using ‘look’ as a linking verb, to give more information about the person. We can replace ‘look’ with ‘are’ and the sentence still makes sense. So we need an adjective.)
Normally, we make an adverb by adding ‘ly’ to an adjective.
He is always careful.
She put the glasses down carefully
This is a quiet room.
She spoke quietly.
This coffee is bad!
He sings badly!
If the adjective ends in ‘y’, we change ‘y’ to ‘i’ and add ‘ly’. If the adjective ends in ‘le’, we drop ‘e’ and
She looks very happy.
He sang happily
It’s a gentle cat.
He stroked the cat gently.
However, there are some exceptions.
That’s a fast car
She walks fast.
She was early for the meeting
He arrived early.
That is a good book.
She did well on the exam. (‘Well’ can also be an
adjective. See below)
Maths is hard!
She tried hard. (‘Hardly’ is also an adverb, but
means ‘almost none’. See below)
He is always late!
He got up late this morning. (‘Lately’ is also an
adverb but means ‘recently’. See below.)
|There are also some adjectives that end in ‘ly’ and don’t have an adverb form. Instead we use ‘in a —
way’. These are friendly, lovely, lonely, lively, and silly.
– He talked to me in a friendly way.
Good / well
|‘Well’ can be confusing because it is both the adverb form of ‘good’, and an adjective that means ‘healthy and fine’.|
|– My mother is well (‘well’ is an adjective that means ‘healthy and fine’).
– He did the work well (‘well’ is an adverb meaning ‘in a good way’).
Of course, we also use ‘good’ as an adjective.
– This meal is good!
– He can speak good German.
Hard / hardly
|‘Hard’ is both an adjective and an adverb.|
|– The table is hard (= adjective, meaning ‘not soft’ or ‘difficult’).
– She works hard (= adverb, meaning ‘with a lot of effort’).
‘Hardly’ is also an adverb, but it means ‘almost nothing’ or ‘almost none’.
– She hardly works (= she does almost no work).
– I have hardly any money (= I have almost no money).
Late / lately
|‘Late’ is an adjective and an adverb. There is also an adverb ‘lately’, which means ‘recently’.
– I’m late (= adjective, meaning ‘not on time’).
– He came late (= adverb, meaning ‘not on time’).
– I’ve been working a lot lately (= an adverb meaning ‘recently’).
Modern English and Adverbs
|Many native English speakers are starting to use adjectives where traditionally we need an adverb. Some people think this is incorrect, but it’s very common.|
|– He ran quick (instead of ‘he ran quickly’).|
|This is especially common with comparatives and superlatives.|
|– She ran quicker (instead of ‘she ran more quickly’).|
|Of course, it’s your choice if you’d like to follow traditional grammar or use the more modern style. I’d suggest that if you’re writing formally, it’s probably better to use an adverb. In all my exercises here, I use the traditional style.|