READING COMPREHENSION 

Reading Comprehension

Quizzes
Reading Comprehension Exercise-1
Reading Comprehension Exercise-2

Reading Comprehension

Reading Comprehension

What does the passage mainly discuss?

A ) The architecture of early American Indian buildings
B ) The movement of American Indians across North America
C ) Ceremonies and rituals of American Indians
D ) The way of life of American Indian tribes in early North America

D ) This is a main idea question. Although architecture, movement, ceremonies, and rituals are mentioned in the passage, D ) best summarizes the general topic of the entire passage.

According to the passage, the Hopi and Zuni typically built their homes

A ) in valleys
B ) next to streams
C ) on open plains
D ) against cliffs

D ) This is a factual information question. Lines 4–5 of the passage state that “These buildings were usually put up against cliffs.”

The word “They” in line 6 refers to

A ) goods
B ) buildings
C ) cliffs
D ) enemies

B ) This is a referential relationship question. The pronoun “They” refers to buildings. Although the other choices are also plural nouns, “buildings” is the logical referent for “they.”

It can be inferred from the passage that the dwellings of the Hopi and Zuni were

A ) very small
B ) highly advanced
C ) difficult to defend
D ) quickly constructed

. B ) This is an inference question. Because the passage states that the buildings were “like modern apartment houses” and that “some were four stories high,” it can be inferred that the dwellings were highly advanced.

The author uses the phrase “the three sisters” in line 8 to refer to

A ) Hopi women
B ) family members
C ) important crops
D ) rain ceremonies

 C ) This is a referential relationship question. Corn, beans, and squash are important crops that are mentioned just after the phrase “the three sisters.”

The word “scarce” in line 10 is closest in meaning to

A ) limited
B ) hidden
C ) pure
D ) necessary

A ) This is a vocabulary question. Clues to the meaning of this word are in the phrases “dry country” (line 10) and “brought water . . . through irrigation ditches”

Which of the following is true of the Shoshone and Ute?

A ) They were not as settled as the Hopi and Zuni.
B ) They hunted caribou.
C ) They built their homes with adobe.
D ) They did not have many religious ceremonies.

A ) This is a factual information question. The first paragraph suggests that the Hopi and Zuni lived in permanent homes in villages. In lines 13–14, the Shoshone and Ute are described as less-settled groups

According to the passage, which of the following groups lived in the grasslands?

A ) The Shoshone and Ute
B ) The Cheyenne and Sioux
C ) The Hopi and Zuni
D ) The Pawnee and Inuit

B ) This is a factual information question. The information answering the question is stated in lines 19–20 of the passage.

Which of the following animals was most important to the Plains Indians?

A ) The salmon
B ) The caribou
C ) The seal
D ) The bison

D ) This is a factual information question. The passage states in lines 20–21 that the bison was the chief source of food, clothing, and tent covering. “Chief” means “most important” in this context.

Which of the following is NOT mentioned by the author as a dwelling place of early North
Americans?

A ) Log cabins
B ) Adobe houses
C ) Tepees
D ) Igloos

A ) This is a factual information question. NOTE: By using the word “NOT,” the question asks the reader to remember which of the choices were mentioned and to recognize which choice was not or to review the passage to be sure. The correct answer is the choice that is NOT mentioned—in this case, log cabins

The author groups North American Indians according to their

A ) names and geographical regions
B ) arts and crafts
C ) rituals and ceremonies
D ) date of appearance on the
continent

A ) This is an organization and logic question. The author organizes the information in the passage by the names of various groups and where they lived, but does not refer to any of the things mentioned in the other options

Reading Comprehension

What does the passage mainly discuss?

A ) The elements of salt
B ) The bodies of water of the world
C ) The many forms of ocean life
D ) The salinity of ocean water

D ) This is a main idea question. The passage discusses the processes by which ocean salinity is increased or decreased

The word “this” in line 5 refers to

A ) ocean
B ) evaporation
C ) salinity
D ) crystals

B ) This is a referential relationship question. The lines preceding line 5 talk about the
process of evaporation; “this” refers to evaporation

According to the passage, the ocean generally has more salt in

A ) coastal areas
B ) tropical areas
C ) rainy areas
D ) turbulent areas

B ) This is a factual information question. The passage states in the third paragraph
that ocean salinity is higher in tropical regions.

All of the following are processes that decrease salinity EXCEPT

A ) evaporation
B ) precipitation
C ) runoff
D ) melting

A ) This is a factual information question. Note that the presence of the word “EXCEPT” in the question means you must find the one answer that is not true. Evaporation increases rather than decreases salinity.

Which of the following statements about the salinity of a body of water can best be inferred from the passage?

A ) The temperature of the water is the most important factor.
B ) The speed with which water moves is directly related to the amount of salt.
C ) Ocean salinity has little effect on sea life.
D ) Various factors combine to cause variations in the salt content of water.

D ) This is an inference question. The other three options are not supported by the passage, but the passage does discuss a number of factors that affect ocean salinity

The word “altered” in line 16 is closest in meaning to

A ) determined
B ) changed
C ) accumulated
D ) needed

B ) This is a vocabulary question. One can look at the discussion in the paragraph
about increasing and decreasing salinity for clues to the meaning of “altered.”

The word “it” in line 19 refers to

A ) sea ice
B ) salinity
C ) seawater
D ) manner

C ) This is a referential relationship question. In lines 18–19, the passage states that
“seawater . . . has a higher salinity than it did before the ice appeared.” “It” refers to
seawater

Why does the author mention the Weddell Sea?

A ) To show that this body of water has salinity variations
B ) To compare Antarctic waters with Arctic waters
C ) To give an example of increased salinity due to freezing
D ) To point out the location of deep waters

C ) This is an organization and logic question. The fourth paragraph talks about the
formation of sea ice and the following paragraph, which mentions Weddell Sea, is
there to give a concrete example of that formation

Which of the following is NOT a result of the formation of ocean ice?

A ) The salt remains in the water.
B ) The surrounding water sinks.
C ) Water salinity decreases.
D ) The water becomes denser.

C ) This is another factual information question. It is asking for the piece of
information that is NOT true. Lines 17–19 state that seawater under ice has a higher
salinity, so C ) cannot be true

What can be inferred about the water near the bottom of oceans?

A ) It is relatively warm.
B ) Its salinity is relatively high.
C ) It does not move.
D ) It evaporates quickly

B ) This is an inference question. The final paragraph discusses seawater with a high
salinity. The last sentence states that “This heavy water . . . is found in the deeper
portions of the oceans of the world.” This information supports B ) .

Reading Comprehension

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Reading Comprehension