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Structure And Written Expression Test 3

#1. Telephone cables that use optical fibers can be ......... conventional cables, yet they typically carry much more information.

C ) In the main clause of this sentence, “telephone cables that use optical fibers” are compared to “conventional cables.” Using the comparative form of the adjectives “small” and “light” followed by “than” correctly completes this sentence.

#2. In making cheese, ........., is coagulated by enzyme action, by lactic acid, or by both.

D ) A subject is needed to complete this sentence. In D ) , “casein” is the subject of this sentence, even when followed by a noun phrase enclosed in commas that further identifies the subject.

#3. Newspaper historians feel that Joseph Pulitzer exercised ......... on journalism in the United States during his lifetime.

 D ) An object is needed to complete this sentence. In D ) , the noun “influence” is the object, modified by the adjective “remarkable,” and these words are in the correct word order

#4.  ......... many food preservation methods for inhibiting the growth of bacteria.

. C ) This question tests the structure “there” “be.” The subject follows “be” when “there” is used. “There are” is required to complete this sentence correctly because the subject “methods” is plural.

#5. Sensory structures ......... from the heads of some invertebrates are called antennae.

C ) The relative (adjective) clause, “that grow from the heads of invertebrates” modifies the noun “structures.” The other choices do not modify the noun correctly.


#6. ......... the United States consists of many different immigrant groups, many sociologists believe there is a distinct national character.

C ) Only the adverbial “even though” is a subordinating conjunction that can correctly complete the dependent clause of this sentence.

#7. An étude is a short musical composition written especially ......... a particular technique.

D ) The infinitive form of the verb is the only choice that completes this sentence grammatically. In this sentence, “to” of the infinitive is a shortened form of “in order to” and indicates purpose.

#8. The philosopher and educator John Dewey rejected ..........

D ) An object is required to complete this sentence. The noun phrase “authoritarian teaching methods” is the only choice that can act as the object of this sentence.

#9. ......... must have water to lay and fertilize their eggs, while their offspring, tadpoles, need water for development and growth.

B ) A subject is needed to complete the main clause of this sentence. The subject here is composed of two nouns joined by “and.”

#10. The safflower plant is grown chiefly for the oil ......... from its seeds.

A ) The passive form “obtained” is the only choice that completes this sentence grammatically. In this sentence, “obtained” is the shortened form of “that is obtained.”


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Structure And Written Expression Test 3

Structure And Written Expression Test 3

Structure And Written Expression Test

Telephone cables that use optical fibers can be ……… conventional cables, yet they typically carry much more information.

A ) they are smaller and lighter
B ) than the smaller and lighter
C ) smaller and lighter than
D ) so small and light that

C ) In the main clause of this sentence, “telephone cables that use optical fibers” are compared to “conventional cables.” Using the comparative form of the adjectives “small” and “light” followed by “than” correctly completes this sentence.

In making cheese, ………, is coagulated by enzyme action, by lactic acid, or by both.

A ) casein is the chief milk protein
B ) casein, being that the chief milk protein
C ) the chief milk protein is casein
D ) casein, the chief milk protein

D ) A subject is needed to complete this sentence. In D ) , “casein” is the subject of this sentence, even when followed by a noun phrase enclosed in commas that further identifies the subject.

Sensory structures ……… from the heads of some invertebrates are called antennae.

A ) are growing
B ) they are growing
C ) that grow
D ) grow

C ) The relative (adjective) clause, “that grow from the heads of invertebrates” modifies the noun “structures.” The other choices do not modify the noun correctly.

An étude is a short musical composition written especially ……… a particular technique.

A ) enable students practicing
B ) enables students practicing
C ) enable students to practice
D ) to enable students to practice

D ) The infinitive form of the verb is the only choice that completes this sentence grammatically. In this sentence, “to” of the infinitive is a shortened form of “in order to” and indicates purpose.

……… the United States consists of many different immigrant groups, many sociologists believe there is a distinct national character.

A ) In spite of
B ) Despite
C ) Even though
D ) Whether

C ) Only the adverbial “even though” is a subordinating conjunction that can correctly complete the dependent clause of this sentence.

 ……… many food preservation methods for inhibiting the growth of bacteria.

A ) The
B ) Since
C ) There are
D ) Having

. C ) This question tests the structure “there” + “be.” The subject follows “be” when “there” is used. “There are” is required to complete this sentence correctly because the subject “methods” is plural.

The safflower plant is grown chiefly for the oil ……… from its seeds.

A ) obtained
B ) is obtaining
C ) which obtains it
D ) obtaining that

A ) The passive form “obtained” is the only choice that completes this sentence grammatically. In this sentence, “obtained” is the shortened form of “that is obtained.”

Newspaper historians feel that Joseph Pulitzer exercised ……… on journalism in the United States during his lifetime.

A ) influence remarkable
B ) remarkable for his influence
C ) influence was remarkable
D ) remarkable influence

 D ) An object is needed to complete this sentence. In D ) , the noun “influence” is the object, modified by the adjective “remarkable,” and these words are in the correct word order

……… must have water to lay and fertilize their eggs, while their offspring, tadpoles, need water for development and growth.

A ) Though frogs and toads
B ) Frogs and toads
C ) That frogs and toads
D ) If frogs and toads

B ) A subject is needed to complete the main clause of this sentence. The subject here is composed of two nouns joined by “and.”

The philosopher and educator John Dewey rejected ……….

A ) to use authoritarian teaching methods
B ) that authoritarian teaching methods
C ) for authoritarian teaching methods
D ) authoritarian teaching method

D ) An object is required to complete this sentence. The noun phrase “authoritarian teaching methods” is the only choice that can act as the object of this sentence.

Structure And Written Expression Test 3

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Structure And Written Expression Test 3